“M.D.” vs. “Ph.D.” vs. “Dr.”: Are They Synonyms?

Quick: when you hear the word doctor , what do you picture?

Most would probably describe someone in a white lab coat with a stethoscope hanging around their neck or someone in medical scrubs—someone you would seek out if you have a deep cut that needed stitches.

That word doctor , however, is a title assigned to many who don’t come close to that description, many of whom you wouldn’t want stitching up that cut. Take your English professor, for instance. No offense, Dr. Barrett. 

It can all be a bit confusing, which is why it’s important to know who and why someone might be called a doctor , as well as what all those initials and abbreviations after their name mean. Here we break it all down.

What does Dr. mean?

Let’s start with doctor or D r . for short. While the first definition of the word is “ a person licensed to practice medicine,” that doesn’t mean you want to take medical advice from anyone who calls themselves a doctor . There are many looser definitions of the word that follow and, frankly, make things a bit confusing.

For example, the third definition is older slang for a “cook, as at a camp or on a ship,” while the seventh entry is “an eminent scholar and teacher.” Bugs Bunny didn’t help matters either by plying anyone and everyone with his famous greeting,“What’s up, doc?” 

The term doctor can be traced back to the late 1200s, and it stems from a Latin word meaning “to teach.” It wasn’t used to describe a licensed medical practitioner until about 1400, and it wasn’t used as such with regularity until the late 1600s. It replaced the former word used for medical doctors— leech , which is now considered archaic. 

WATCH: When Did The Word "Doctor" Become Medical?

Physician vs. doctor : are these synonyms.

While the term physician is a synonym for doctor , it’s typically used to refer to those who practice general medicine rather than those who perform surgery, aka surgeons . 

A quack , on the other hand, is defined as “ a fraudulent or ignorant pretender to medical skill.”

What does M.D. mean?

Moving on to initials that carry more weight than a nod from Bugs, let’s look at M.D.s .

M.D. , which can be used with or without the periods ( M.D. or MD )  is the designation for a medical doctor. This is earned by attending medical school (typically a four-year program after completing at least one undergraduate degree, plus a residency program), and learning to diagnose patients’ symptoms and offer treatment. 

The initials M and D stem from the Latin title  Medicīnae Doctor. There are many different types of doctors, with different specialties, but if you have a physical ailment, visiting a doctor with the initials M.D. is a good place to start.

Specialty doctors may add even more initials to their title, such as DCN (doctor of clinical nutrition), DDS (doctor of dental surgery), or countless others they acquire with additional training. To make things even more confusing, some may add abbreviations from medical associations they belong to, such as FAAEM (Fellow of the American Academy of Emergency Medicine). 

Go Behind The Words!

  • By clicking "Sign Up", you are accepting Dictionary.com Terms & Conditions and Privacy policies.
  • Email This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

What does Ph.D. mean?

As for Ph.D. , this stands for “doctor of philosophy.” It stems from the Latin term Philosophiae Doctor.

You can get a Ph.D. in any number of subjects, from anthropology to mythological studies. It’s not an easy feat, however, as to earn one, you must do original research and write a dissertation . 

Ph.D. vs. M.D .: are these synonyms?

There are two big differences between Ph.D. s and M.D .s. When it comes to medicine, M.D.s can prescribe medications, and Ph.D.s can’t. And yes, it’s possible to be both an M.D. and a Ph.D. In fact, some med schools offer programs in which you can achieve both simultaneously. 

You can also get a professional doctorate degree in a number of fields. For example, you might receive a doctorate of education, an  Ed.D . 

So, in a nutshell, both M.D.s and Ph.Ds can be referred to as doctors . If you’re looking for someone to treat what ails you physically, then you want at least an M.D. following their name. If you want to dig deep into a subject and get advice from someone who has done their own research and who likely knows the latest and greatest developments in a particular area, then you’re probably looking for a Ph.D. And if someone has both, even better—depending on your needs, it may be just what the doctor ordered.

Want more synonyms? Get Thesaurus.com’s sizzling synonyms right in your inbox! 

Commonly Confused

phd doctor abbreviation

Trending Words

  • Name This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Cambridge Dictionary

  • Cambridge Dictionary +Plus

Meaning of PhD in English

Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio

  • associate's degree
  • baccalaureate
  • bachelor's degree
  • double major
  • first degree
  • Master's degree
  • second degree
  • summa cum laude

Ph.D. | Intermediate English

Translations of phd.

Get a quick, free translation!


Word of the Day

relating to or caused by an earthquake

Varied and diverse (Talking about differences, Part 1)

Varied and diverse (Talking about differences, Part 1)

phd doctor abbreviation

Learn more with +Plus

  • Recent and Recommended {{#preferredDictionaries}} {{name}} {{/preferredDictionaries}}
  • Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English English Learner’s Dictionary Essential British English Essential American English
  • Grammar and thesaurus Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English Grammar Thesaurus
  • Pronunciation British and American pronunciations with audio English Pronunciation
  • English–Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Simplified)–English
  • English–Chinese (Traditional) Chinese (Traditional)–English
  • English–Dutch Dutch–English
  • English–French French–English
  • English–German German–English
  • English–Indonesian Indonesian–English
  • English–Italian Italian–English
  • English–Japanese Japanese–English
  • English–Norwegian Norwegian–English
  • English–Polish Polish–English
  • English–Portuguese Portuguese–English
  • English–Spanish Spanish–English
  • English–Swedish Swedish–English
  • Dictionary +Plus Word Lists
  • English    Noun
  • Intermediate    Noun
  • Translations
  • All translations

To add PhD to a word list please sign up or log in.

Add PhD to one of your lists below, or create a new one.


Something went wrong.

There was a problem sending your report.

  • To save this word, you'll need to log in. Log In

doctor of philosophy

Definition of doctor of philosophy

Word history.

1651, in the meaning defined above

Dictionary Entries Near doctor of philosophy

doctor of osteopathic medicine

doctors' bills

Cite this Entry

“Doctor of philosophy.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary , Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/doctor%20of%20philosophy. Accessed 10 May. 2024.

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

Play Quordle: Guess all four words in a limited number of tries.  Each of your guesses must be a real 5-letter word.

Can you solve 4 words at once?

Word of the day.

See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Popular in Grammar & Usage

More commonly misspelled words, your vs. you're: how to use them correctly, every letter is silent, sometimes: a-z list of examples, more commonly mispronounced words, how to use em dashes (—), en dashes (–) , and hyphens (-), popular in wordplay, 12 star wars words, a great big list of bread words, 10 scrabble words without any vowels, 8 uncommon words related to love, 9 superb owl words, games & quizzes.

Play Blossom: Solve today's spelling word game by finding as many words as you can using just 7 letters. Longer words score more points.

The Classroom | Empowering Students in Their College Journey

How to Correctly Use the Titles Dr. & PhD With a Name

How to Reference a Person With a PhD

How to Reference a Person With a PhD

When someone has earned a Doctor of Philosophy, or Ph.D., degree, that person is subsequently referred to as “doctor” in formal speech. The same is true of a person who is a medical doctor, psychologist, dentist or veterinarian. In formal speech, that person should be referred to as “doctor.” However, the rules are different in written form when addressing someone who is called “doctor” in formal speech. In written form, the titles “Dr.” and “Ph.D.” are not interchangeable.

Determine the Type of Doctor

First, you should identify what type of doctor you are addressing. Doctors of medicine and psychology, doctors of dentistry and doctors of veterinary medicine must be addressed differently in comparison to academic doctors who have earned a Doctor of Philosophy doctoral degree. Be advised that there are different types of doctoral degrees. A Doctor of Philosophy degree is just one kind of doctoral degree. There’s also, for example, a Doctor of Education doctoral degree and a Doctor of Psychology doctoral degree. The titles associated with the various doctoral degrees are not interchangeable. Only a person who has earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree should be addressed as Ph.D.

Addressing a Doctor in Writing

Place the title of “Dr.” before the name of a person who is a doctor of medicine or psychology, doctor of dentistry, or doctor of veterinary medicine. For example Dr. George Ross. Always write the word “doctor” in its abbreviated form when it goes before the person’s name. Never write, for example, Doctor George Ross. Do not combine the title of “Dr.” with any other title even if the person could appropriately be addressed by a different title. Never write, for example, “Dr. George Ross, Ph.D.,” even if the person is a medical doctor who has also earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree. Pick one title. Do not use the “Dr.” title when referring to someone who is solely an academic doctor.

Put a comma followed by the title “Ph.D.” after the name of a person who has earned a Doctor of Philosophy doctoral degree. For example Stacey Childs, Ph.D. Do not combine the title of “Ph.D.” with any other title even if the person could appropriately be addressed by a different title. For instance, even if the person being addressed is a doctor of medicine who has also earned a Ph.D., never write, for example, Dr. Stacey Childs, Ph.D. Pick one title. Do not use the “Ph.D.” title when referring to someone who not earned a Doctor of Philosophy doctoral degree.

Related Articles

How to sign your name when you have a bachelor of science in criminal ....

Proper Way to Notate College Degrees

Proper Way to Notate College Degrees

How to Address a DVM

How to Address a DVM

Different Types of Doctoral Degrees

Different Types of Doctoral Degrees

How to Address Multiple Ladies in a Letter

How to Address Multiple Ladies in a Letter

The Difference Between a Doctoral Degree and a Ph.D.

The Difference Between a Doctoral Degree and a Ph.D.

The Difference Between a PhD & DLitt

The Difference Between a PhD & DLitt

Doctorate Degrees That Don't Require a Dissertation

Doctorate Degrees That Don't Require a Dissertation

  • The Emily Post Institute: What are some professional titles to know?

Maya Austen began freelance writing in 2009. She has written for many online publications on a wide variety of topics ranging from physical fitness to amateur astronomy. She's also an author and e-book publisher. Austen has a Bachelor of Arts in communications from the New England Institute of Art and currently lives in Boston, Mass.

404 Not found

phd doctor abbreviation

  • DPhil vs PhD – Differences Explained
  • Types of Doctorates

DPhil vs PhD – What Are the Differences?

There is a common misconception that a DPhil and PhD are two different degrees. This is not the case.

The abbreviations ‘PhD’ and ‘DPhil’ both relate to the same academic qualification – a Doctor of Philosophy. A  Doctor of Philosophy is a professional research qualification usually undertaken after a Master’s or Bachelor’s degree. It’s awarded to students who successfully undertake a novel research project and usually involves the production and defence of a thesis during an oral examination.

Whilst both abbreviations refer to the same qualification, ‘PhD’ is far more common and well known compared to ‘DPhil’. In fact, it’s likely that most doctoral students located outside of the UK have never even stumbled upon the abbreviation ‘DPhil’ before!

The reason for this is that ‘DPhil’ is a British abbreviation and is only currently used by a handful of UK universities such as Oxford, and occasionally, Sussex and York. While almost all UK universities adopt the term ‘PhD’, the University of Oxford still uses ‘DPhil’ as you can see on their admissions page . As a result, almost all doctorate students graduating today do so with ‘PhD‘ written on their official manuscript.

Are There Any Differences in Funding, Eligibility Requirements or Duration?

In short, no.

As ‘DPhil’ and ‘PhD’ both refer to the same qualification, a ‘Doctor of Philosophy’, there are no differences in programme between them. This is true regardless of whether you’re a UK/EU or international student.

With respect to entry requirements, both will require graduate students to possess a relevant Master’s degree (or a very strong Bachelor’s degree), have the same funding opportunities attached to them and take approximately 3 to 4 years to complete if studied full-time.

There are no additional costs associated with a DPhil compared to a PhD in Philosophy, and external funding sources within the UK are the same.

Potential DPhil Concerns

In the past, several current and post-doctoral students have expressed concerns about whether they will be at a disadvantage due to having ‘DPhil’ on their official degree manuscript as opposed to ‘PhD’.

In almost all cases, these concerns have arisen when an individual is contemplating moving abroad. The reason for this is that the abbreviation ‘DPhil’ is not always as well understood in countries outside the United Kingdom. For example, a recent post-doctoral student once shared with us how she spent two days going back and forth with a potential US employer while trying to explain that her degree is the same qualification as a PhD. Unfortunately, this doesn’t seem to be an isolated event given the number of stories and personal anecdotes available through various post-doctoral forums.

However, in all the above cases, the affected individuals were able to address the employer’s confusion once they explained the difference in the abbreviation system.

Therefore, while obtaining a Doctor of Philosophy which has ‘DPhil’ written on its official manuscript may raise a few questions, it’s not a factor that you should be concerned about.

To summarise, ‘DPhil’ and ‘PhD’ both correspond to a ‘Doctor of Philosophy’. Apart from the differences in abbreviation convention, both degrees are the same higher education qualification.

How Long is a DPhil?

Just like a PhD, a DPhil typically takes 3 to 4 years of full time study. This usually comprises of three stages:

  • Research, where the DPhil student carries out a literature review, providing critique on a wide range of sources, before carrying out their own research.
  • Thesis, where the student writes up their research project in a single document which outlines the importance of the project, methodology, findings and conclusions.
  • Viva Voce, the final step before coming a Doctorate of Philosophy. In this stage the DPhil or PhD student sits an oral exam and is required to discuss and defend their original contribution to the field of study.

Tips for a DPhil

You should now be aware of the DPhil meaning, however if you are still unsure whether this is the right PhD degree for you, here are some tips you can use to reassure yourself, particularly if you are an international student looking to study in the UK:

Talk to an academic supervisor, or even your potential supervisor themselves. They will be able to reiterate the points above and give you confidence that your doctoral study will result in a doctoral degree with the same academic merit as a PhD.

If you are pursuing international study, just like any doctorate degree you should confirm English language requirements, study costs, living costs, travel expenses or any other additional expenses associated with the project.

Doctoral study is a big commitment, so as a DPhil or PhD candidate you need to ask yourself ‘is a PhD worth it?’. If you are genuinely interested in your field or research or wish to gain expert knowledge and contribute to a specific topic, then PhD study could be for you. Doctorates are well equipped to pursue academic careers. Academic positions include lecturers, postdoctoral researchers and PhD supervisors. However, the transferable skills developed over the course of their programmes give them an edge beyond just the academic job market. The research and development industries in particular often look to recruit PhD holders for their expertise in novel techniques. It is important therefore to consider your career goals, and how a DPhil may influence your job prospects.

To conclude, when considering a DPhil vs PhD, either way you will hold a Doctorate of Philosophy. The two advanced degrees differ in name only and are of equal academic merit.

Finding a PhD has never been this easy – search for a PhD by keyword, location or academic area of interest.

Browse PhDs Now

Join thousands of students.

Join thousands of other students and stay up to date with the latest PhD programmes, funding opportunities and advice.

RIT graduate pursues Ph.D. across time zones

Nastaran Nagshineh is shown with other faculty in a small room where she defended her thesis.

Nastaran Nagshineh, center, defended her Ph.D. thesis at RIT in April. Faculty from RIT’s Rochester and Dubai campuses served on her thesis committee and include, from left to right, Kathleen Lamkin-Kennard, Steven Weinstein, Nathaniel Barlow, and David Kofke (a professor at the University at Buffalo). Mohamed Samaha participated remotely and appears on the video screen behind the group and alongside Nagshineh’s picture.

Nastaran Nagshineh is one of the first Ph.D. candidates to bridge RIT’s Rochester and Dubai campuses. Her accomplishment creates a path for future students at the university’s international campuses.

Nagshineh completed her Ph.D. in mathematical modeling while working full time as a mathematics lecturer at RIT Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, teaching as many as five classes a semester. She described her Ph.D. journey as “an exercise in perseverance” due to competing demands and long days. Rochester is eight hours behind Dubai, and the time difference meant many late-night classes and meetings.

“I saw this collaboration as an opportunity, rather than as a challenge, because my primary adviser, Dr. Steven Weinstein (RIT professor of chemical engineering), and my co-adviser, Dr. Mohamed Samaha (RIT Dubai associate professor of mechanical engineering), both have the same area of research interest,” she said. “They both worked toward my success.”

Nagshineh is one of 67 RIT Ph.D. students who defended their thesis this academic year and who will earn their doctorate. RIT awarded 63 Ph.D. degrees in 2023.

In 2020-2021, RIT’s Graduate School met and surpassed the university’s goal of conferring 50 Ph.D. degrees during an academic year. That number will continue to grow as students cycle through the seven new Ph.D. programs that RIT has added since 2017, said Diane Slusarski , dean of RIT’s Graduate School.

Meeting these goals puts RIT on a path toward achieving an “R1,” or research-intensive designation, from the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Learning. RIT is currently ranked as an R2 institution . Many factors go into changing a university’s status, including research investment and maintaining a three-year average of 70 Ph.D. degrees awarded per year, according to Slusarski.

“We have met the goals of the strategic plan, and now we look forward to contributing to the research innovation in the future,” Slusarski said. “We want to help the new programs thrive and win national research awards.”

RIT’s emphasis on high-level research is seen in Nagshineh’s Ph.D. work. She applies mathematical modeling to the field of fluid dynamics. Her research has been published in top-tier journals and has gained notice, said Weinstein, her thesis adviser.

Weinstein describes Nagshineh’s accomplishments as “a testament to a fantastic work ethic and commitment” and is inspirational to younger students at Rochester and Dubai.

“The collaboration between RIT Dubai/Rochester has continued,” he said. “Another paper was submitted a few weeks ago with Mohamed Samaha and Nate Barlow (RIT associate professor in the School of Mathematics and Statistics) as co-authors, as well as Cade Reinberger, a younger Ph.D. student in my research group.”

Mathematical modeling is one of RIT’s newer Ph.D. degree programs, and Nagshineh is among its earliest graduates. The program has doubled in size since it began accepting students in 2017, Slusarski said. This past fall, the mathematical modeling program had 35 students, with two graduating this year.

Altogether, RIT has 13 Ph.D. degree programs currently enrolling 438 students, with computing and information sciences accounting for the largest with 117 students. RIT’s other Ph.D. programs include astrophysical sciences and technology , biomedical and chemical engineering , business administration , color science , electrical and computer engineering, imaging science , mechanical and industrial engineering , microsystems engineering , and sustainability .

New programs in cognitive science and physics will launch in the fall.

The growth in RIT graduate education—with more than 3,000 master’s and doctoral students—reflects a demographic change in the student population, Slusarski said. “We have a higher percentage of women in the graduate programs than we have for RIT undergraduate programs.”

RIT’s graduate programs enroll 42 percent women, according to Christie Leone , assistant dean for the Graduate School.

Nagshineh, who also holds an MS in electrical engineering from RIT Dubai, welcomes her role as a mentor to other women students on both campuses.

“As a young woman in an Arabic country, the power of women is often underestimated and undervalued, and I hope to serve as a role model to female students, especially those that question their path,” Nagshineh said.

She plans to continue in her career as a professor and a researcher. “I would like to pursue a research program where I can advise my own students and teach them more deeply.”

Recommended News

May 8, 2024

a red admiral butterfly, which is predominantly black with orange and white accents towards the wing tops, is shown close up resting on a white pole.

More than monarchs: Red admirals appear in Rochester with spring   

The Democrat and Chronicle talks to Kaitlin Stack Whitney, assistant professor in the Department of Science, Technology, and Society, about the early arrival and habits of the red admiral butterfly in Monroe County, highlighting its migration patterns, habitat range, and behavior.

May 7, 2024

a man stands next to a wall covered in comic book covers. On the right side of the wall there is a sign that says Kubert Lounge and Gallery.

Comics go to College

The comics collection at RIT is growing by leaps and bounds and the new Kubert Lounge and Gallery makes it a visible presence on campus. The interdisciplinary art form is right at home at RIT.

a man in a hard hat stands under a popup tent behind a 12 foot steel beam.

Leave your legacy in the music performance theater

Anyone who would like to make their mark on the music performance theater being erected on the RIT campus is invited to sign a steel beam that will be part of the building.

'four women stand next to each other for a photograph with a blank wall behind them.'

Women’s, gender, and sexuality studies program honors first graduating class

The first class of graduates from RIT’s women’s, gender, and sexuality studies (WGSS) program will be celebrated during commencement this month. The bachelor’s degree program was approved and offered for current students in 2023, and enrollment will be available to incoming first-year students this fall.

Expecting mother delivers baby in car just hours before earning her Ph.D.

NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. (WABC) – This Mother’s Day is going to be a special one for a New Jersey woman.

It will be Tamiah Brevard-Rodriguez’s first Mother’s Day as a mother herself and also the same day as her graduation ceremony.

Six weeks ago, she became a mother and earned her Ph.D.

Baby Enzo was born a month before his due date on the same day Brevard-Rodriguez was scheduled to deliver her dissertation defense.

“I was physically prepared for a pregnancy. Mentally, my brain was not on a baby,” she said. “So I was having a very emotional response to knowing that I was in labor, knowing that I had this defense, like I was literally shaking.”

Brevard-Rodriguez had everything planned out with staff and faculty at Rutgers University to examine standards Black college women face on historically white campuses.

Her plan even had a name: Operation Dissertation Before Baby.

However, things quickly went off-schedule when the expecting mother’s water broke in the early morning of March 25.

Brevard-Rodriguez’s wife, Alyza, rushed the couple to their car after their doula told them to get moving as the contractions increased.

The drive to the hospital turned into a race against time.

“Every moment. I remember sort of the area that we were in as we were exiting the highway and the first one was coming off,” Alyza Brevard-Rodriguez said. “And we flew through the red light, and at that point, I was probably going 120 mph.”

Brevard-Rodriguez said she had three pushes.

“The first one was the baby’s head, he was crowning. Second push, he was out, he was in my hand. Third one, we were just, we were just there,” she said.

At the hospital, Enzo was checked out by doctors, who found him in good health.

Because Brevard-Rodriguez was well-rehearsed for her dissertation, she delivered her defense about seven hours after Enzo came into the world.

“I was prepared for it,” she said. “Like, what I do is some final touches on the presentation. Like, I did the study, I had the support. I just needed to take a nap, take a shower and regroup.”

No one even knew about the delivery until after the successful defense was complete.

The new mother successfully delivered both her dissertation and her newborn son to make for a very special Mother’s Day story.

Copyright 2024 WABC via CNN Newsource. All rights reserved.

ThedaStar medical rescue helicopter (file image)

5-month-old dies after being run over by car in Bonduel

Victim of Taycheedah crash identified

Victim of Taycheedah crash identified

Wisconsinites can go after the mighty walleye this Saturday.

Emergency rule for walleye season takes effect

Ethanol tanker rollover on Highway 91 in Oshkosh

Ethanol tanker crash closed part of Highway 91 in Oshkosh

Elijah Vue Case: The timeline of Elijah Vue’s disappearance

Two Rivers Police address rumors regarding Elijah Vue search

Latest news.

Two skiers were killed and one was rescued after an avalanche in the mountains outside of Salt...

2 skiers dead, 1 rescued after avalanche

FILE - Target is reportedly still planning to offer Pride-themed merchandise online and in...

Target reportedly pulling some Pride merchandise from stores due to backlash

Biden put on hold a shipment of bombs to Israel. (CNN, ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER'S OFFICE, WPEC,...

Biden, Netanyahu relations tested as Rafah braces for assault

President Biden's stance on Israel is sending shockwaves through Capitol Hill. (CNN, POOL,...

Biden ignites firestorm on Capitol Hill over Israel

FILE - Justin Bieber, left, and Hailey Bieber attend The Metropolitan Museum of Art's Costume...

Justin Bieber and Hailey Bieber are expecting a baby, renew their vows


  1. medical abbreviation list commonly used Archives

    phd doctor abbreviation

  2. 500+ List Of Common Medical Abbreviations

    phd doctor abbreviation

  3. Common Medical Abbreviations and Terms You Should Know • 7ESL

    phd doctor abbreviation

  4. PHD Abbreviation & Meaning

    phd doctor abbreviation

  5. Common Doctor's Abbreviations

    phd doctor abbreviation

  6. 500+ Medical List Of Abbreviations

    phd doctor abbreviation


  1. How to use abbr tag in HTML

  2. How to read doctor prescription|Medical abbreviation |Medical terms#subscribe

  3. medical abbreviation for nurse|common medical abbreviation/medical abbreviation use for Doctor

  4. Common Medical Abbreviations #pharmd #pharmacy #doctor #abbreviation #medicine

  5. Nursing abbreviation #doctor #medical

  6. Medical 🩺 abbreviations 💊


  1. "M.D." vs. "Ph.D." vs. "Dr.": Are They Synonyms?

    M.D., which can be used with or without the periods (M.D. or MD) is the designation for a medical doctor. This is earned by attending medical school (typically a four-year program after completing at least one undergraduate degree, plus a residency program), and learning to diagnose patients' symptoms and offer treatment.

  2. Doctor of Philosophy

    A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin: philosophiae doctor or doctor philosophiae) is the most common degree at the highest academic level, awarded following a course of study and research. The degree is abbreviated PhD and sometimes, especially in the U.S., as Ph.D. It is derived from the Latin Philosophiae Doctor, pronounced as three separate letters (/ p iː eɪ tʃ ˈ d iː ...

  3. abbreviations

    As many noted, both are accepted, so it is a matter of convention and taste. The important is to be consistent with the other abbreviations you use throughout your text. Compare: I got a Ph.D. in A.I. at U.C.L.A in the U.S. I got a PhD in AI at UCLA in the US.

  4. PhD vs Ph.D.

    Capitalization within the abbreviation "PhD" or "Ph.D.". As you may already figure, both "D" and "P" are capitalized but "h" is written in lowercase both in "PhD" and "Ph.D.". This is because "P" and "h" are both parts of the word "Philosophiae" or "Philosophy," while "D" is a separate initial ...

  5. What is a PhD?

    Definition of a PhD - A Doctor of Philosophy (commonly abbreviated to PhD, Ph.D or a DPhil) is a university research degree awarded from across a broad range of academic disciplines; in most countries, it is a terminal degree, i.e. the highest academic degree possible. PhDs differ from undergraduate and master's degrees in that PhDs are ...

  6. Explained: What Is a PhD Degree?

    PhD stands for Doctor of Philosophy. This is one of the highest level academic degrees that can be awarded. PhD is an abbreviation of the Latin term (Ph)ilosophiae (D)octor. Traditionally the term 'philosophy' does not refer to the subject but its original Greek meaning which roughly translates to 'lover of wisdom'.

  7. PhD

    PhD definition: 1. abbreviation for doctor of philosophy: the highest college or university degree, or someone who…. Learn more.

  8. PhD Definition & Meaning

    The meaning of PHD is the academic degree, title, or rank of doctor of philosophy; also : a person who has earned the academic degree of doctor of philosophy. How to use PhD in a sentence.

  9. PhD

    PhD meaning: 1. abbreviation for doctor of philosophy: the highest college or university degree, or someone who…. Learn more.

  10. Doctor of philosophy Definition & Meaning

    The meaning of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY is the highest degree awarded in many academic disciplines; also : a person who has earned the academic degree of doctor of philosophy —abbreviation PhD, Ph.D.. How to use doctor of philosophy in a sentence.

  11. Doctor (title)

    In the United Kingdom, it is normal also to omit stops from postnominal letters, thus the usual abbreviation for "Doctor of Philosophy" is "PhD" (or "DPhil", where this is used). The fully punctuated "Ph.D." or "D.Phil." is anachronistic and, where the abbreviated form of the degree is defined by regulation rather than custom (e.g. Oxford), may ...

  12. What Does 'PhD' Stand For?

    A PhD is a terminal academic degree students typically pursue when they're interested in an academic or research career. A PhD is the highest possible academic degree a student can obtain. PhD stands for "Doctor of Philosophy," which refers to the immense knowledge a student gains when earning the degree. While you can actually get a PhD in ...

  13. How can one differentiate between Dr. (PhD) and Dr. (MD or DO)?

    3. While both have the title of "doctor," that is identifying the fact that they both have the same education level, a doctorate. The meaningful difference here is occupation: one might be a professor, the other a physician. To differentiate between the two you can use the actual doctorate type or the job title:

  14. How to Correctly Use the Titles Dr. & PhD With a Name

    Put a comma followed by the title "Ph.D." after the name of a person who has earned a Doctor of Philosophy doctoral degree. For example Stacey Childs, Ph.D. Do not combine the title of "Ph.D." with any other title even if the person could appropriately be addressed by a different title. For instance, even if the person being addressed ...

  15. What Do the Abbreviations After a Doctor's Name Mean?

    What do different doctor abbreviations mean? Learn what these abbreviations stand for here. Dictionary Thesaurus Sentences Grammar ... DPhil or PhD - Doctor of Philosophy; DSW - Doctor of Social Work; EdD - Doctor of Education; JD - Doctor of Jurisprudence; PhD - Doctor of Philosophy;

  16. List of doctoral degrees in the US

    Professional doctorates. In addition to the research doctorate, the US has many professional degrees, formerly referred to as first-professional degrees.These are titled as doctor's degrees and classified as "doctors degree - professional practice". While research doctorates require "advanced work beyond the master's level, including the preparation and defense of a dissertation based on ...

  17. PhD vs Ph.D.

    While this is the case, numerous other abbreviated special that am mainly used stylish formal contexts keep elusive, just like aforementioned abbreviations fork "Philosophiae Doctor." PhD and Ph.D be both correct pathways to indicate that title, or honorific, of a doctor. However, Ph.D isn't nearly as collective as PhD.

  18. DPhil vs PhD

    The abbreviations 'PhD' and 'DPhil' both relate to the same academic qualification - a Doctor of Philosophy. A Doctor of Philosophy is a professional research qualification usually undertaken after a Master's or Bachelor's degree. It's awarded to students who successfully undertake a novel research project and usually involves ...

  19. Undergraduate Programs

    Certificate, degree or qualification: Medical Doctor Language of study: Russian, English ... (PhD). Each discipline involves theoretical component and practical skills training. The Curriculum consists of the list, workload (in credits and (or) academic hours), sequence and allocation of subjects within the periods of study, as well as ...

  20. RIT graduate pursues Ph.D. across time zones

    Nagshineh is one of 67 RIT Ph.D. students who defended their thesis this academic year and who will earn their doctorate. RIT awarded 63 Ph.D. degrees in 2023. In 2020-2021, RIT's Graduate School met and surpassed the university's goal of conferring 50 Ph.D. degrees during an academic year.

  21. MSU Faculty of Fundamental Medicine

    MSU Faculty of Medicine or FBM/FFM MSU ( Russian: факультет фундаментальной медицины - ФФМ) is a medical faculty in Moscow State University. Founded in 1992 by an order of the Rector of Moscow State University, Professor V.A.Sadovnichy, FBM MSU is one of the institutions of higher learning in medicine in ...

  22. Doctoral School of Economics

    The Economics PhD programme is designed to prepare professionals in economic research and education of the highest academic calibre in Russia, as well as the global academia. The Doctoral School of Economics offers training in the following fields: Economic Theory. Mathematical, Statistical and Instrumental Methods of Economics.

  23. Expecting mother delivers baby in car just hours before earning ...

    "The first one was the baby's head, he was crowning. Second push, he was out, he was in my hand. Third one, we were just, we were just there," she said.

  24. Patrice Lumumba Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

    Nonetheless, it remains most common in English to use the name "Peoples' Friendship University of Russia" or the abbreviation "PFUR". [citation needed] From 1993 to 1998, ... More than 77,000 graduates work in 170 countries, among them more than 5,500 holders of PhD and Doctorate degrees. Lecturers train specialists in 62 majors and lines of study.