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Enchanting Marketing

Writing advice for small business

Clincher Sentences: The #1 Way to Reinforce a Message and Jump-Start Action

by Henneke | 82 enchanting opinions, add yours? :)

A clincher sentence is a concluding sentence reinforcing your key message.

This article discusses how to write a clincher:

how to simplify complexity

How to write clinchers

How to write a clincher sentence

I’m half skimming, half reading a fairly interesting article—all the way until the last word.

But as soon as I’ve finished, I’ve already forgotten what I’ve read.

Sound familiar?

If you want readers to remember your words, you need to invigorate your message and jump-start your readers into action.

And the easiest way to do that?

Write a clincher sentence.

Eh … what is a clincher sentence?

You’ll find clinchers as the last sentence of a well-written blog post, essay, or book chapter; or at the end of a section in a blog post—before a subhead introduces the next section.

A clincher sentence is a soundbite , communicating a nugget of wisdom. It’s a memorable point that may linger in your reader’s mind long after she’s finished reading your content.

Want to know how to write these powerful sentences?

Examples of clincher sentences

In his memoir My Father, the Pornographer , Chris Offutt ends most chapters with excellent clincher sentences.

For instance, the ending of the 4th chapter gives us insight in the son’s relationship with his father:

(…) I realized the landscape would always hold me tight, that I could never escape, that in fact what I loved and felt most loyal to were the wooded hills, and not my father.

And the 25th chapter ends as follows (note: cons refers to conventions where his father’s fans would gather):

Dad seldom left the house over which he held utter dominion. When he did leave, he went to cons, an environment that assuaged his ego in every way. He grew accustomed to these two extremes and became resentful when his family failed to treat him like fans did. We disappointed him with our need for a father.

Ouch. We disappointed him with our need for a father. A hard truth.

If writing was a boxing match, the clincher sentence would be the knockout blow.

But how do you deliver a killer punch?

How to write a clincher sentence

To write a clincher sentence, you first must know your key message.

So, think about this: If readers would remember one thing from your article or book chapter, what would it be?

If you can’t think of the key message, your idea might still be a little fuzzy. Let it simmer for a while, and then revisit your post. Which question do you want to answer? What problem do you help solve? What is your key tip?

To get unstuck, use one of these sentence starters to help formulate your key point:

  • In conclusion (or ultimately ), [add your final say on the topic or sum up your argument]
  • Remember, [remind readers of your key idea—sometimes you only need to rephrase an earlier sentence]
  • Your action: [tell readers what to do with your advice]
  • Your takeaway: [sum up the main point readers should remember]

The two-punch approach to clinchers

In educational or inspirational writing, you can use the two-punch approach. Firstly, remind readers what you’ve explained already. And secondly, nudge them to implement your advice.

For instance, Mark Manson uses this approach in his article about the most important question of your life . His penultimate sentence summarizes his key point:

This is the most simple and basic component of life: our struggles determine our successes.

And his last sentence addresses the reader directly to nudge him to implement his advice:

So choose your struggles wisely, my friend.

At the end of their book Made to Stick , Chip and Dan Heath take the same approach. The penultimate sentence summarizes their key point:

Stories have the amazing dual power to simulate and to inspire.

And their very last sentence encourages readers to implement their advice by telling them it’s not as hard as they might think:

And most of the time we don’t even have to use much creativity to harness these powers—we just need to be ready to spot the good ones that life generates every day.

Remember, your clincher sentence is the killer punch encouraging readers to implement your advice.

So, summarize and inspire.

(See what I just did? That was another two-puncher.)

Make your killer punch reverberate

My favorite type of clincher sentence sketches a vivid image , giving energy to your key idea.

Chris Offutt ends the 5th chapter of his memoir with a vivid story—the clincher sentence is the last sentence (I made it bold):

A week after the memorial service [of my father], I took Mom to a greenhouse built of plastic sheeting. Mom selected a plant with white flowers, then smiled, shook her head, and chose red flowers instead. “Your father was color-blind,” she said. “I only bought white flowers so he could see them.” She took the red ones home. After fifty years Mom planted flowers she liked in her own backyard.

And Mark Manson sketches a vivid image at the end of his post about the real value of money —the clincher sentence is in bold:

The real value of money begins when we look beyond it and see ourselves as better, as more valuable, than it is. When it’s not about the accumulation of stuff but rather the enactment of experiences. When it’s not about the mug but rather the coffee that’s in it.

Vivid images haunt readers, popping up in their minds hours—or even days—after reading your content.

When to use a clincher sentence …

At the end of a book or blog post, you don’t have a choice. To avoid your writing petering out, finish with a clincher sentence.

However, at the end of a book chapter or blog post section, you can choose. You can either look ahead and make readers curious to read on, or you can look back and summarize your key message.

To look ahead, use a cliffhanger to raise a question and make readers lean forward, eager to learn more. For instance, in the gripping book American Kingpin , Nick Bilton uses cliffhangers at the end of each chapter.

Here’s the last sentence of the first chapter:

“You got a minute?” he said as he threw the white envelope on the desk. “I have something important I need to show you.”

And the end of the second chapter:

And yet, as he hopped into the car next to his sister, he also didn’t know that in just five years he would be making that amount of money in a single day.

And the end of the 3rd chapter:

But what wasn’t clear to either of them, as they rolled around on his dinky bed in the basement, was that the relationship they were about to embark on would be the most tumultuous romance of Ross’s and Julia’s adult lives. And, for Ross, it would be his last.

Before I started reading the book American Kingpin , I already knew the outcome. I knew Ross Ulbricht gets jailed. Yet, the narrative is so gripping and the cliffhangers so compelling, that I couldn’t put the book down. I wanted to know exactly how the story unfolded.

How to use a cliffhanger + a clincher sentence

You don’t have to choose between a clincher and a cliffhanger.

You can use them both.

For instance, in their book Decisive , Chip and Dan Heath explain how to make better choices in life and work. The closing paragraph of the introduction starts like this:

We may make only a handful of conscious, considered choices every day. But while these decisions don’t occupy much of our time, they have a disproportionate influence on our lives.

Then comes the clincher sentence with a vivid image:

The psychologist Roy Baumeister draws an analogy to driving—in our cars, we may spend 95% of our time going straight, but it’s the turns that determine where we end up.

And they end their introduction with a cliffhanger, making us curious to read on (what’s the four-part process?):

This is a book about those turns. In the chapters to come, we’ll show you how a four-part process can boost your chances of getting where you want to go.

So, at the end of a section or book chapter, you have 3 options:

  • Write a cliffhanger to encourage readers to read on.
  • Compose a clincher to summarize your key point with a punch.

Each sentence helps communicate your ideas

And, of course, each sentence can keep a reader engaged or turn him off.

Yet, your clincher sentence is more important than other sentences.

Because it’s the clincher that reinforces your message.

So, write a strong sentence.

What's the difference between a clincher and a cliffhanger

The Enchanting Blog Writing course (rated 4.9 out of 5.0) teaches you how to captivate, educate, and inspire your readers.

how to write a conclusion clincher

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Recommended reading on writing strong sentences:

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Reader Interactions

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how to write a conclusion clincher

December 18, 2023 at 6:11 am

I love this! And you didn’t just talk about the power of clincher sentences; you demonstrated it in this blog post. Each ending makes me look forward to the next and understand the key message better.

how to write a conclusion clincher

December 18, 2023 at 12:36 pm

Thank you, Lux. That’s a lovely compliment. I always try to talk the talk *and* walk the walk!

how to write a conclusion clincher

November 2, 2023 at 3:18 pm

Super helpful post. Thank you.

November 2, 2023 at 3:37 pm

Thank you, Sheila. Happy writing!

how to write a conclusion clincher

February 11, 2023 at 3:30 pm

I really appreciated this article because it’s sometimes difficult to put the right kind of bow on a post, chapter, article or whatever I’m writing to hammer home the point trying to be made. Great tips and suggestions! Thank you!

February 12, 2023 at 2:40 pm

I’m glad you found it useful, Dave. Happy writing!

how to write a conclusion clincher

May 17, 2022 at 3:44 pm

Great post – thank you, Henneke. And I do agree about clinchers. I often find myself wanting to see them at the end of blog posts or articles, as they really tie it all beautifully. I love the red poppy metaphor :-).

May 17, 2022 at 6:35 pm

I am glad you enjoyed this, Daniela. It’s such a pity that many blog posts just fizzle out without any clincher, isn’t it?

I often write a clincher after letting a draft rest for a day (or more). This way I get a better idea of how I want to finish and can write the last few sentences with more energy.

Thank you for stopping by!

how to write a conclusion clincher

November 19, 2021 at 7:14 am

Hello Henneke, This is great. I’ve been applying these styles unknowingly. Now I’m well informed. Greeting from Kenya!!

November 19, 2021 at 12:35 pm

So good that you’re doing this already! Thank you for stopping by, Michael.

how to write a conclusion clincher

February 25, 2021 at 4:59 pm

There are so many writing blogs I visit briefly, but yours is the one I read to the end each time. You make things so alive and interesting. I am planning a non-fiction on self-healing and I want it to have this feeling you generate so easily. I am a planner, and I love that you teach structure, strategy and purpose. You have a follower in me. Thank you so much for being so giving.

February 25, 2021 at 10:26 pm

Thank you so much for your lovely compliment, Raj. I much appreciate it.

how to write a conclusion clincher

March 4, 2020 at 6:01 pm

Henneke, thank you for your response it was very helpful. I love your website it has really improved my writing, thank you again. Sincerely Kenzie,

March 1, 2020 at 9:23 pm

I know this is a question not a comment but I really need an answer. Should I make my clincher sentence humorous. Can I make my clincher sentence humorous?

March 2, 2020 at 4:54 pm

Yes, clincher sentences can be humorous.

how to write a conclusion clincher

November 30, 2019 at 2:34 pm

Henneke, this really resonates as I embark on my next book. I can see using this in marketing as well as memoir and other genres.thanks for sharing. I’m learning a lot from you.

December 2, 2019 at 6:05 pm

Thank you for stopping by again, Alicia. I’m glad you liked this! Happy writing 🙂

how to write a conclusion clincher

September 6, 2019 at 2:36 pm

Oh my god! This is so helpful! Thanks so much , Henneke.

September 7, 2019 at 5:06 pm

Thank you, Vikki. Happy writing!

how to write a conclusion clincher

September 5, 2019 at 4:59 pm

Hello Henneke, Thank you so much. Am understanding. If you could give more examples on cliff hangers it will help me.Clinchers are a nice thing to.Am happy to know that you know Mark Manson. Thanks and Take care.

September 7, 2019 at 5:04 pm

You may want to check out my article on cliffhangers: https://www.enchantingmarketing.com/hook-your-reader-with-cliffhangers/

how to write a conclusion clincher

September 1, 2019 at 6:18 am

Hi Henneke I truly enjoy reading your posts and myself I am a part-time blogger. I have been blogging for over a year but still I am finding difficult in writing a good blog article that would keep readers engaged in reading by articles. I am trying hard to improve my writing skills so that I could express more in my writing. Could you please suggest me some of the best practical ways to improve by writing.

September 2, 2019 at 3:49 pm

I hope you’re not too critical of your own writing. Improvement is always possible. You can find my most useful articles on blog writing here: https://www.enchantingmarketing.com/business-blogging/

how to write a conclusion clincher

November 8, 2018 at 7:49 pm

Ah, Henneke… My daughter is writing her first article, about a raising money to build a school. ‘How do I start?’ I sent her this, and two other blog posts of yours. Found them in seconds. You’ve now inspired 3 generations of my family. Thank you

November 8, 2018 at 9:21 pm

Wow, that’s wonderful! Thank you so much for letting me know, Rachel. Happy writing to all of you 🙂

how to write a conclusion clincher

August 8, 2018 at 11:08 am

I can see my entire life evolving round those enchanting vocabularies, the teacher is something else, her sense of arrangement, is fantastic, and she is one out of a million. I am in love with the methods of teaching and I just hope I can put all these into practice. Thank you dear instructor, Pro. Henneke. I am grateful to you and I hope you start teaching again soon. Do, have a nice holidays. your student, Paula.

August 8, 2018 at 7:49 pm

Thank you for your lovely comment, Paula. I’m glad you’re enjoying my blog!

Happy writing 🙂

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 28, 2018 at 8:58 pm

Thank you for the great advice, detailed explanation and useful examples. I feel I already use some of these techniques, I just didn’t think of them this way.

July 30, 2018 at 6:43 pm

Yes, many writers use clincher sentences naturally. Thank you for taking the time to comment, Mihaida. Happy writing!

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 26, 2018 at 11:03 am

As I typed in the name of your website, it popped up in my browser so it means I’ve visited your site before, but may not have actually read your blog posts. This is my first, and I LOVE the content and your writing style.

As others have said, you simplify teaching points and make them a delight to read and learn from. This one on “clinchers” and “cliffhangers” is excellent. They’re not new to me, but your well-chosen examples bring them to life. Now, instead of doing this occasionally, I’ll integrate them in all of my posts. Thank you. You have a new fan.

July 26, 2018 at 11:48 am

Welcome, Yvonne, and thank you for your lovely comment. It makes me happy to know that you feel inspired to apply my tips to you writing. Happy blogging!

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 22, 2018 at 7:10 pm

Thanks for the advice. I have been trying to improve my copywriting skills to use on my websites. I have been hiring writers to do it in the past but I want to do it myself. This tip will come in handy.

July 24, 2018 at 7:55 pm

Great. Thank you for your comment, Rich. Happy writing!

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 9, 2018 at 11:23 am

I like the fact that we don’t have to choose either a clincher or a cliffhanger — we can use both at the same time if necessary.

I guess it comes down to a case-by-case evaluation in the end — what would be most beneficial to your readers in a particular instance?

Thanks for another example-laden article, Henneke. Your writing tips are always great, but the books you reference are the icing on the cake as they are always fascinating ?

July 12, 2018 at 1:05 pm

Yes, you can choose or do both. I don’t think it matters much. The key is to think about how you want to end a piece of writing or a section of that piece.

I’m glad you’re enjoying my book recommendations.

Thank you, Alison. I appreciate your regular comments. They’re really helpful to me.

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 6, 2018 at 8:07 am

Hello Henneke, I enjoy all your informative blogs unlike a few who have had impressed me as you do. But in spite of all the motivating write-ups, I am still in a dilemma from where to start. You must on facebook, can you give your link? BEST, Manaj Banerjee India.

July 6, 2018 at 5:51 pm

I’m glad you’re enjoying my blog posts, Manaj. I don’t have a Facebook account. You may find that it doesn’t really matter where you start. Just start somewhere.

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 5, 2018 at 5:32 pm

Hi Henneke,

This may be my favorite post of yours. Great examples. Hope you are doing well.

July 5, 2018 at 5:44 pm

Thank you, Chris. I see you’ve started a new podcasting project earlier this year. It looks good!

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 5, 2018 at 7:40 am

A clincher – I have to look up the literal meaning. Did not know there was a word for it! How very clever. Great post!

July 5, 2018 at 7:43 am

Ah, decisive – klinknagel. Got it! There’s no word like that in Dutch.

July 5, 2018 at 12:20 pm

I only knew clincher as a decisive argument in a negotiation. Only recently, I discovered it’s also used for the last (decisive) sentence of a paragraph, essay or chapter. I don’t know a good word for it in Dutch either!

July 5, 2018 at 1:38 pm

There is none. I wonder which author wrote that book.. Damn.. How many writing books do you read, anyway?

July 5, 2018 at 2:58 pm

I rarely read books about writing these days. At some point, there’s nothing new in them anymore. I prefer reading fiction.

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 4, 2018 at 10:32 pm

This is good Henneke. Really good. Like a 1 line summary of all you wrote about throughout the blog post. A home run sentence in many ways. If you can send off folks with an impact they will remember you.

July 5, 2018 at 12:08 pm

Yep, that’s it. And don’t forget that you can also summarize along the way (at the end of each section or paragraph) to keep readers on track.

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 4, 2018 at 10:07 pm

A timely post, Henneke. Thanks for the interesting examples. Now, do I add clinchers, cliffhangers or both? Let the editing begin. I do love your emails. ♡

July 5, 2018 at 12:05 pm

To choose my option, I try to read my post through the eyes of my ideal reader and imagine what’s the best way to guide her to her destination. My hunch is that it doesn’t matter so much what option we choose as long as we don’t let our message float and our articles fizzle out. Happy writing!

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 4, 2018 at 8:21 pm

Well, I now need to go back and rewrite the ending to almost everything! 😀 But thanks to you, I also know how. What a lovely gift your post always is! Thanks so much!

July 5, 2018 at 12:02 pm

I rarely go back to improve old posts. I bet that if I tried I’d could improve them quite a lot, but I find it’s so much more interesting to write a new post and it’s not possible to do it all.

Thank you for stopping by again, Katharine!

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 4, 2018 at 4:47 am

what I love best in your writing is the small summary with Henrietta … it sticks the info to my brain cells with a superglue. Thank you.

July 4, 2018 at 9:51 am

The drawing is my real clincher 😉

Thank you, Heba.

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 9:27 pm

As usual Henneke – your sound advice just when I need it most. I’ve always had trouble finishing chapters and you’ve summed up the solution wonderfully. Thank you from very cold Sydney.

July 3, 2018 at 10:56 pm

That makes me happy, Paul. I love it when guidance arrives at the perfect moment. I hope you’re keeping warm despite the cold!

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 8:29 pm

What I love about thinking in terms of cliffhangers and clinchers is it challenges us as writers to be clear about the point we are trying to make, and the questions we want the reader to ask. It helps us shape the reader’s experience. You have such a gift for simplifying writing concepts!

July 3, 2018 at 10:55 pm

Yes, that’s so true! It about finding the best way to take our reader’s by the hand and guide him to his destination.

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 4:00 pm

Original: “When it’s not about the mug but rather the coffee that’s in it.”

My version: “When it’s not about the mug nor the coffee but rather the person you share it with.”

July 3, 2018 at 4:23 pm

I love that! Good meals require good company 🙂

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 3:06 pm

I learn so much in such an easy way. You are the best Writer’s Coach. Thank you

July 3, 2018 at 4:21 pm

Thank you for your lovely compliment, Shirley.

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 2:35 pm

I did these but didn’t know what they were called. I need to always make sure I am using them. Thanks, Henneke for the education!

July 3, 2018 at 4:20 pm

I only recently learned that these sentences actually have a name. Hardly anyone seems to explain what these sentences are.

Happy writing!

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 2:28 pm

Lovely post and super educational too!

While, I might have written clincher sentences, unaware of the fact that they are that, your article gave a thorough lesson of this.

Ultimately, it now dawned on me that, writing and the world of literature has so much more into it that it almost feels like fantasy to live on and on.

July 3, 2018 at 4:19 pm

To be honest, I knew about the principle of writing final sentences for a long time, but I learned the phrase “clincher sentence” only recently.

Once you know about clincher sentences, it’s really interesting to pay attention to them and see which writers use them well and who don’t. Writing is so much fun because there’s always more to learn.

Thank you for stopping by, Swadhin. Good to see you again! 🙂

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 2:24 pm

Really useful post Henneke. I was scrambling through the words to see your clincher sentence and it didn’t disappoint!

The post reminds me of Stephen Covey’s “begin with the end in mind” habit which can apply to just about anything, including writing, and something I hadn’t thought about.

July 3, 2018 at 4:16 pm

Yes, great point about beginning with the end in mind. That is so true.

I paid even more attention to my clincher sentences than usually because I figured that people would pay more attention to them than usually. Walk the talk, eh? 😉

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 2:18 pm

Once again great advice! I was never quite sure how to end my blog posts. I’m afraid most of them just end with no real conclusion or summary. I’m always learning with each tidbit of writing instruction you give. Thank you.

July 3, 2018 at 4:13 pm

You’re not alone. Many bloggers don’t write endings, even on the biggest blogs. You may find this post useful, too: https://www.enchantingmarketing.com/how-to-write-closing-paragraphs/

Happy writing, Mary Ann. And thank you for stopping by.

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 1:31 pm

Hi, Henneke,

Excellent information. I used this once without knowing it was a clincher sentence. To me it’s like preparing a nice dinner; add just enough seasoning or salt to give it that extra bit of kick before serving or enjoying.

Agai​​​n, excellent information, and so needed.

The best tip ever just like a bite-sized snack.

Thank you kindly,

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 3:07 pm

Love this clincher concept, Henneke. Along with a blog post or book section, would you use clinchers and cliffhangers in an ecourse as way to build anticipation and keep people engaged?

July 3, 2018 at 4:22 pm

Yes, it works for ecourses, too. Depending on how the course works, each lesson (or module) can have a cliffhanger to explain what you’ll learn in the next section, a takeaway (summary of the main learning points), and an action point (perhaps an assignment).

July 3, 2018 at 4:12 pm

So funny, I had been thinking about using a food metaphor, too. I was thinking of a dessert to finish of your meal. Perhaps cheese with a glass of red wine, or would you prefer a sorbet?

Thank you for your lovely comment, Becky. Keep seasoning your writing 🙂

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 12:54 pm

Henneke never fails to deliver posts that make you sit up and go hmmmmmmmmmm. Thanks!

July 3, 2018 at 4:10 pm

Thank you, Tim, for such a lovely comment. You put a smile on my face 😀

how to write a conclusion clincher

Excellent information on a very specific and useful writing tool. I’ve saved your clincher/cliffhanger image to my blog inspiration folder. It may even go on the fridge! Thank you!

July 3, 2018 at 4:09 pm

Oh wow, what an honor. My Henrietta drawing on your fridge 🙂

how to write a conclusion clincher

Thank you for the reminder and inspiring ideas, Henneke.

I’m glad you like it, Irina 🙂

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 12:43 pm

I’m printing this to refer to when I’m writing, Henneke. Your tips are immediately actionable and your writing sparkles. Thank you for your emails!

July 3, 2018 at 4:08 pm

Thank you for your lovely compliment, Dana. Happy writing!

how to write a conclusion clincher

July 3, 2018 at 12:15 pm

Hi Henneke!

Very good! So good that I took an excerpt out of it and put it in my FB learning group, with a link back to your article – hope that’s OK! (But do let me know if not).

July 3, 2018 at 12:40 pm

Thank you for sharing, Claire. Happy writing.

how to write a conclusion clincher

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how to write a conclusion clincher

About Henneke

I never saw myself as a writer, but in my early forties, I learned how to write and discovered the joy of writing. Now, I’d like to empower you to find your voice, share your ideas and inspire your audience. Learn how I can help you

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how to write a conclusion clincher

How to Write a Conclusion for an Essay

how to write a conclusion clincher

By the time you get to the final paragraph of your paper, you have already done so much work on your essay, so all you want to do is to wrap it up as quickly as possible. You’ve already made a stunning introduction, proven your argument, and structured the whole piece as supposed – who cares about making a good conclusion paragraph?

The only thing you need to remember is that the conclusion of an essay is not just the last paragraph of an academic paper where you restate your thesis and key arguments. A concluding paragraph is also your opportunity to have a final impact on your audience. 

Feeling Overwhelmed Writing Your Essay Conclusion?

Simply send us your paper requirements, choose a writer and we’ll get it done fast.

How to write a conclusion paragraph that leaves a lasting impression – In this guide, the team at EssayPro is going to walk you through the process of writing a perfect conclusion step by step. Additionally, we will share valuable tips and tricks to help students of all ages impress their readers at the last moment.

Instead of Intro: What Is a Conclusion?

Before we can move on, let’s take a moment here to define the conclusion itself. According to the standard conclusion definition, it is pretty much the last part of something, its result, or end. However, this term is rather broad and superficial.

When it comes to writing academic papers, a concluding statement refers to an opinion, judgment, suggestion, or position arrived at by logical reasoning (through the arguments provided in the body of the text). Therefore, if you are wondering “what is a good closing sentence like?” – keep on reading.

What Does a Good Conclusion Mean?

Writing a good conclusion for a paper isn’t easy. However, we are going to walk you through this process step by step. Although there are generally no strict rules on how to formulate one, there are some basic principles that everyone should keep in mind. In this section, we will share some core ideas for writing a good conclusion, and, later in the article, we will also provide you with more practical advice and examples.


Here are the core goals a good conclusion should complete:

  • “Wrap up” the entire paper;
  • Demonstrate to readers that the author accomplished what he/she set out to do;
  • Show how you the author has proved their thesis statement;
  • Give a sense of completeness and closure on the topic;
  • Leave something extra for your reader to think about;
  • Leave a powerful final impact on a reader.

Another key thing to remember is that you should not introduce any new ideas or arguments to your paper's conclusion. It should only sum up what you have already written, revisit your thesis statement, and end with a powerful final impression.

When considering how to write a conclusion that works, here are the key points to keep in mind:

  • A concluding sentence should only revisit the thesis statement, not restate it;
  • It should summarize the main ideas from the body of the paper;
  • It should demonstrate the significance and relevance of your work;
  • An essay’s conclusion should include a call for action and leave space for further study or development of the topic (if necessary).

How Long Should a Conclusion Be? 

Although there are no strict universal rules regarding the length of an essay’s final clause, both teachers and experienced writers recommend keeping it clear, concise, and straight to the point. There is an unspoken rule that the introduction and conclusion of an academic paper should both be about 10% of the overall paper’s volume. For example, if you were assigned a 1500 word essay, both the introductory and final clauses should be approximately 150 words long (300 together).

Why You Need to Know How to End an Essay:

A conclusion is what drives a paper to its logical end. It also drives the main points of your piece one last time. It is your last opportunity to impact and impress your audience. And, most importantly, it is your chance to demonstrate to readers why your work matters. Simply put, the final paragraph of your essay should answer the last important question a reader will have – “So what?”

If you do a concluding paragraph right, it can give your readers a sense of logical completeness. On the other hand, if you do not make it powerful enough, it can leave them hanging, and diminish the effect of the entire piece.

Strategies to Crafting a Proper Conclusion

Although there are no strict rules for what style to use to write your conclusion, there are several strategies that have been proven to be effective. In the list below, you can find some of the most effective strategies with some good conclusion paragraph examples to help you grasp the idea.

One effective way to emphasize the significance of your essay and give the audience some thought to ponder about is by taking a look into the future. The “When and If” technique is quite powerful when it comes to supporting your points in the essay’s conclusion.

Prediction essay conclusion example: “Taking care of a pet is quite hard, which is the reason why most parents refuse their children’s requests to get a pet. However, the refusal should be the last choice of parents. If we want to inculcate a deep sense of responsibility and organization in our kids, and, at the same time, sprout compassion in them, we must let our children take care of pets.”

Another effective strategy is to link your conclusion to your introductory paragraph. This will create a full-circle narration for your readers, create a better understanding of your topic, and emphasize your key point.

Echo conclusion paragraph example: Introduction: “I believe that all children should grow up with a pet. I still remember the exact day my parents brought my first puppy to our house. This was one of the happiest moments in my life and, at the same time, one of the most life-changing ones. Growing up with a pet taught me a lot, and most importantly, it taught me to be responsible.” Conclusion:. “I remember when I picked up my first puppy and how happy I was at that time. Growing up with a pet, I learned what it means to take care of someone, make sure that he always has water and food, teach him, and constantly keep an eye on my little companion. Having a child grow up with a pet teaches them responsibility and helps them acquire a variety of other life skills like leadership, love, compassion, and empathy. This is why I believe that every kid should grow up with a pet!”

Finally, one more trick that will help you create a flawless conclusion is to amplify your main idea or to present it in another perspective of a larger context. This technique will help your readers to look at the problem discussed from a different angle.

Step-up argumentative essay conclusion example: “Despite the obvious advantages of owning a pet in childhood, I feel that we cannot generalize whether all children should have a pet. Whereas some kids may benefit from such experiences, namely, by becoming more compassionate, organized, and responsible, it really depends on the situation, motivation, and enthusiasm of a particular child for owning a pet.”

What is a clincher in an essay? – The final part of an essay’s conclusion is often referred to as a clincher sentence. According to the clincher definition, it is a final sentence that reinforces the main idea or leaves the audience with an intriguing thought to ponder upon. In a nutshell, the clincher is very similar to the hook you would use in an introductory paragraph. Its core mission is to seize the audience’s attention until the end of the paper. At the same time, this statement is what creates a sense of completeness and helps the author leave a lasting impression on the reader.

Now, since you now know what a clincher is, you are probably wondering how to use one in your own paper. First of all, keep in mind that a good clincher should be intriguing, memorable, smooth, and straightforward.

Generally, there are several different tricks you can use for your clincher statement; it can be:

  • A short, but memorable and attention-grabbing conclusion;
  • A relevant and memorable quote (only if it brings actual value);
  • A call to action;
  • A rhetorical question;
  • An illustrative story or provocative example;
  • A warning against a possibility or suggestion about the consequences of a discussed problem;
  • A joke (however, be careful with this as it may not always be deemed appropriate).

Regardless of the technique you choose, make sure that your clincher is memorable and aligns with your introduction and thesis.

Clincher examples: - While New York may not be the only place with the breathtaking views, it is definitely among my personal to 3… and that’s what definitely makes it worth visiting. - “Thence we came forth to rebehold the stars”, Divine Comedy - Don’t you think all these advantages sound like almost life-saving benefits of owning a pet? “So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past.”, The Great Gatsby


Conclusion Writing Don'ts 

Now, when you know what tricks and techniques you should use to create a perfect conclusion, let’s look at some of the things you should not do with our online paper writing service :

  • Starting with some cliché concluding sentence starters. Many students find common phrases like “In conclusion,” “Therefore,” “In summary,” or similar statements to be pretty good conclusion starters. However, though such conclusion sentence starters may work in certain cases – for example, in speeches – they are overused, so it is recommended not to use them in writing to introduce your conclusion.
  • Putting the first mention of your thesis statement in the conclusion – it has to be presented in your introduction first.
  • Providing new arguments, subtopics, or ideas in the conclusion paragraph.
  • Including a slightly changed or unchanged thesis statement.
  • Providing arguments and evidence that belong in the body of the work.
  • Writing too long, hard to read, or confusing sentences.

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Conclusion Paragraph Outline

The total number of sentences in your final paragraph may vary depending on the number of points you discussed in your essay, as well as on the overall word count of your paper. However, the overall conclusion paragraph outline will remain the same and consists of the following elements:

conclusion ouline

  • A conclusion starter:

The first part of your paragraph should drive readers back to your thesis statement. Thus, if you were wondering how to start a conclusion, the best way to do it is by rephrasing your thesis statement.

  • Summary of the body paragraphs:

Right after revisiting your thesis, you should include several sentences that wrap up the key highlights and points from your body paragraphs. This part of your conclusion can consist of 2-3 sentences—depending on the number of arguments you’ve made. If necessary, you can also explain to the readers how your main points fit together.

  • A concluding sentence:

Finally, you should end your paragraph with a last, powerful sentence that leaves a lasting impression, gives a sense of logical completeness, and connects readers back to the introduction of the paper.

These three key elements make up a perfect essay conclusion. Now, to give you an even better idea of how to create a perfect conclusion, let us give you a sample conclusion paragraph outline with examples from an argumentative essay on the topic of “Every Child Should Own a Pet:

  • Sentence 1: Starter
  • ~ Thesis: "Though taking care of a pet may be a bit challenging for small children. Parents should not restrict their kids from having a pet as it helps them grow into more responsible and compassionate people."
  • ~ Restated thesis for a conclusion: "I can say that taking care of a pet is good for every child."
  • Sentences 2-4: Summary
  • ~ "Studies have shown that pet owners generally have fewer health problems."
  • ~ "Owning a pet teaches a child to be more responsible."
  • ~ "Spending time with a pet reduces stress, feelings of loneliness, and anxiety."
  • Sentence 5: A concluding sentence
  • ~ "Pets can really change a child life for the better, so don't hesitate to endorse your kid's desire to own a pet."

This is a clear example of how you can shape your conclusion paragraph.

How to Conclude Various Types of Essays

Depending on the type of academic essay you are working on, your concluding paragraph's style, tone, and length may vary. In this part of our guide, we will tell you how to end different types of essays and other works.

How to End an Argumentative Essay

Persuasive or argumentative essays always have the single goal of convincing readers of something (an idea, stance, or viewpoint) by appealing to arguments, facts, logic, and even emotions. The conclusion for such an essay has to be persuasive as well. A good trick you can use is to illustrate a real-life scenario that proves your stance or encourages readers to take action. More about persuasive essay outline you can read in our article.

Here are a few more tips for making a perfect conclusion for an argumentative essay:

  • Carefully read the whole essay before you begin;
  • Re-emphasize your ideas;
  • Discuss possible implications;
  • Don’t be afraid to appeal to the reader’s emotions.

How to End a Compare and Contrast Essay

The purpose of a compare and contrast essay is to emphasize the differences or similarities between two or more objects, people, phenomena, etc. Therefore, a logical conclusion should highlight how the reviewed objects are different or similar. Basically, in such a paper, your conclusion should recall all of the key common and distinctive features discussed in the body of your essay and also give readers some food for thought after they finish reading it.

How to Conclude a Descriptive Essay

The key idea of a descriptive essay is to showcase your creativity and writing skills by painting a vivid picture with the help of words. This is one of the most creative types of essays as it requires you to show a story, not tell it. This kind of essay implies using a lot of vivid details. Respectively, the conclusion of such a paper should also use descriptive imagery and, at the same time, sum up the main ideas. A good strategy for ending a descriptive essay would be to begin with a short explanation of why you wrote the essay. Then, you should reflect on how your topic affects you. In the middle of the conclusion, you should cover the most critical moments of the story to smoothly lead the reader into a logical closing statement. The “clincher”, in this case, should be a thought-provoking final sentence that leaves a good and lasting impression on the audience. Do not lead the reader into the essay and then leave them with dwindling memories of it.

How to Conclude an Essay About Yourself

If you find yourself writing an essay about yourself, you need to tell a personal story. As a rule, such essays talk about the author’s experiences, which is why a conclusion should create a feeling of narrative closure. A good strategy is to end your story with a logical finale and the lessons you have learned, while, at the same time, linking it to the introductory paragraph and recalling key moments from the story.

How to End an Informative Essay

Unlike other types of papers, informative or expository essays load readers with a lot of information and facts. In this case, “Synthesize, don’t summarize” is the best technique you can use to end your paper. Simply put, instead of recalling all of the major facts, you should approach your conclusion from the “So what?” position by highlighting the significance of the information provided.

How to Conclude a Narrative Essay

In a nutshell, a narrative essay is based on simple storytelling. The purpose of this paper is to share a particular story in detail. Therefore, the conclusion for such a paper should wrap up the story and avoid finishing on an abrupt cliffhanger. It is vital to include the key takeaways and the lessons learned from the story.

How to Write a Conclusion for a Lab Report

Unlike an essay, a lab report is based on an experiment. This type of paper describes the flow of a particular experiment conducted by a student and its conclusion should reflect on the outcomes of this experiment.

In thinking of how to write a conclusion for a lab, here are the key things you should do to get it right:

  • Restate the goals of your experiment
  • Describe the methods you used
  • Include the results of the experiment and analyze the final data
  • End your conclusion with a clear statement on whether or not the experiment was successful (Did you reach the expected results?)

How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper

Writing a paper is probably the hardest task of all, even for experienced dissertation writer . Unlike an essay or even a lab report, a research paper is a much longer piece of work that requires a deeper investigation of the problem. Therefore, a conclusion for such a paper should be even more sophisticated and powerful. If you're feeling difficulty writing an essay, you can buy essay on our service.

How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper

However, given that a research paper is the second most popular kind of academic paper (after an essay), it is important to know how to conclude a research paper. Even if you have not yet been assigned to do this task, be sure that you will face it soon. So, here are the steps you should follow to create a great conclusion for a research paper:

  • Restate the Topic

Start your final paragraph with a quick reminder of what the topic of the piece is about. Keep it one sentence long.

  • Revisit the Thesis

Next, you should remind your readers what your thesis statement was. However, do not just copy and paste it from the introductory clause: paraphrase your thesis so that you deliver the same idea but with different words. Keep your paraphrased thesis narrow, specific, and topic-oriented.

  • Summarise Your Key Ideas

Just like the case of a regular essay’s conclusion, a research paper’s final paragraph should also include a short summary of all of the key points stated in the body sections. We recommend reading the entire body part a few times to define all of your main arguments and ideas.

  • Showcase the Significance of Your Work

In the research paper conclusion, it is vital to highlight the significance of your research problem and state how your solution could be helpful.

  • Make Suggestions for Future Studies

Finally, at the end of your conclusion, you should define how your findings will contribute to the development of its particular field of science. Outline the perspectives of further research and, if necessary, explain what is yet to be discovered on the topic.

Then, end your conclusion with a powerful concluding sentence – it can be a rhetorical question, call to action, or another hook that will help you have a strong impact on the audience.

  • Answer the Right Questions

To create a top-notch research paper conclusion, be sure to answer the following questions:

  • What is the goal of a research paper?
  • What are the possible solutions to the research question(s)?
  • How can your results be implemented in real life? (Is your research paper helpful to the community?)
  • Why is this study important and relevant?

Additionally, here are a few more handy tips to follow:

  • Provide clear examples from real life to help readers better understand the further implementation of the stated solutions;
  • Keep your conclusion fresh, original, and creative.

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So, What Is a Good Closing Sentence? See The Difference

One of the best ways to learn how to write a good conclusion is to look at several professional essay conclusion examples. In this section of our guide, we are going to look at two different final paragraphs shaped on the basis of the same template, but even so, they are very different – where one is weak and the other is strong. Below, we are going to compare them to help you understand the difference between a good and a bad conclusion.

Here is the template we used: College degrees are in decline. The price of receiving an education does not correlate with the quality of the education received. As a result, graduated students face underemployment, and the worth of college degrees appears to be in serious doubt. However, the potential social and economic benefits of educated students balance out the equation.

Strong Conclusion ‍

People either see college as an opportunity or an inconvenience; therefore, a degree can only hold as much value as its owner’s skillset. The underemployment of graduate students puts the worth of college degrees in serious doubt. Yet, with the multitude of benefits that educated students bring to society and the economy, the equation remains in balance. Perhaps the ordinary person should consider college as a wise financial investment, but only if they stay determined to study and do the hard work.

Why is this example good? There are several key points that prove its effectiveness:

  • There is a bold opening statement that encompasses the two contrasting types of students we can see today.
  • There are two sentences that recall the thesis statement and cover the key arguments from the body of the essay.
  • Finally, the last sentence sums up the key message of the essay and leaves readers with something to think about.

Weak Conclusion

In conclusion, with the poor preparation of students in college and the subsequent underemployment after graduation from college, the worth associated with the college degree appears to be in serious doubt. However, these issues alone may not reasonably conclude beyond a doubt that investing in a college degree is a rewarding venture. When the full benefits that come with education are carefully put into consideration and evaluated, college education for children in any country still has good advantages, and society should continue to advocate for a college education. The ordinary person should consider this a wise financial decision that holds rewards in the end. Apart from the monetary gains associated with a college education, society will greatly benefit from students when they finish college. Their minds are going to be expanded, and their reasoning and decision making will be enhanced.

What makes this example bad? Here are a few points to consider:

  • Unlike the first example, this paragraph is long and not specific enough. The author provides plenty of generalized phrases that are not backed up by actual arguments.
  • This piece is hard to read and understand and sentences have a confusing structure. Also, there are lots of repetitions and too many uses of the word “college”.
  • There is no summary of the key benefits.
  • The last two sentences that highlight the value of education contradict with the initial statement.
  • Finally, the last sentence doesn’t offer a strong conclusion and gives no thought to ponder upon.
  • In the body of your essay, you have hopefully already provided your reader(s) with plenty of information. Therefore, it is not wise to present new arguments or ideas in your conclusion.
  • To end your final paragraph right, find a clear and straightforward message that will have the most powerful impact on your audience.
  • Don’t use more than one quote in the final clause of your paper – the information from external sources (including quotes) belongs in the body of a paper.
  • Be authoritative when writing a conclusion. You should sound confident and convincing to leave a good impression. Sentences like “I’m not an expert, but…” will most likely make you seem less knowledgeable and/or credible.

Good Conclusion Examples

Now that we've learned what a conclusion is and how to write one let's take a look at some essay conclusion examples to strengthen our knowledge.

The ending ironically reveals that all was for nothing. (A short explanation of the thematic effect of the book’s end) Tom says that Miss Watson freed Jim in her final will.Jim told Huck that the dead man on the Island was pap. The entire adventure seemingly evaporated into nothingness. (How this effect was manifested into the minds of thereaders).
All in all, international schools hold the key to building a full future that students can achieve. (Thesis statement simplified) They help students develop their own character by learning from their mistakes, without having to face a dreadful penalty for failure. (Thesis statement elaborated)Although some say that kids emerged “spoiled” with this mentality, the results prove the contrary. (Possible counter-arguments are noted)
In conclusion, public workers should be allowed to strike since it will give them a chance to air their grievances. (Thesis statement) Public workers should be allowed to strike when their rights, safety, and regulations are compromised. The workers will get motivated when they strike, and their demands are met.
In summary, studies reveal some similarities in the nutrient contents between the organic and non-organic food substances. (Starts with similarities) However, others have revealed many considerable differences in the amounts of antioxidants as well as other minerals present in organic and non-organic foods. Generally, organic foods have higher levels of antioxidants than non-organic foods and therefore are more important in the prevention of chronic illnesses.
As time went by, my obsession grew into something bigger than art; (‘As time went by’ signals maturation) it grew into a dream of developing myself for the world. (Showing student’s interest of developing himself for the community) It is a dream of not only seeing the world from a different perspective but also changing the perspective of people who see my work. (Showing student’s determination to create moving pieces of art)
In conclusion, it is evident that technology is an integral part of our lives and without it, we become “lost” since we have increasingly become dependent on its use. (Thesis with main point)

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How To Write A Conclusion For An Essay?

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Clincher Sentence

how to write a conclusion clincher

A clincher sentence is the finishing touch your writing needs to be unforgettable. Want to leave your reader awestruck? We’ve got you covered. In this guide, you’ll discover what a clincher sentence is, how to craft one, and see top-notch sentence examples that demonstrate its impact. Elevate your writing game by mastering the art of the clincher sentence today!

What is the Clincher Sentence? – Definition

A clincher sentence is the final sentence in a paragraph or piece that wraps up its main point, providing a sense of closure and completion. Essentially, it’s the “mic drop” moment in your writing that leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

What is the best Example of a Clincher Sentence?

The best example of a clincher sentence would be: “In the end, it wasn’t just a game—it was the defining moment that changed my life forever.” This sentence neatly sums up the paragraph’s or essay’s main idea, while also offering a poignant insight that resonates with the reader, making it memorable.

Clincher Sentence Examples

  • “Ultimately, the choices we make shape our future; choose wisely and carve a path toward success.”
  • “Remember, every end is just a new beginning waiting to unveil its secrets.”
  • “Embrace the beauty of uncertainty, for it’s the birthplace of all our discoveries.”
  • “If today was tough, make tomorrow better by learning something new today.”
  • “True courage is found in the quiet moments of reflection and the bold decisions that follow.”
  • “In life’s symphony, your actions are the notes that create the music of your legacy.”
  • “As the sun sets, it promises the dawn of new opportunities and fresh starts.”
  • “Stand firm in your beliefs, for they anchor you amidst life’s tumultuous seas.”
  • “Every challenge you face today adds a layer of strength to your tomorrow.”
  • “Let your dreams be bigger than your fears and your actions louder than your words.”

100 Clincher Sentence Usage Examples

Clincher Sentence

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Clincher sentences are the linchpins of effective writing. They leave your reader with a compelling last impression and are vital for any well-crafted paragraph or essay. Don’t underestimate the power of a well-placed clincher sentence to elevate your writing. To help you become a clincher sentence connoisseur, here are 100 unique and thought-provoking examples you can use as inspiration.

  • In conclusion, perseverance is the key to success.
  • When all is said and done, family matters most.
  • As a result, the company’s profits soared.
  • At last, the mystery was finally solved.
  • So, what are you waiting for?
  • Clearly, the evidence is irrefutable.
  • Undoubtedly, this is a turning point.
  • Remarkably, she overcame all odds.
  • Therefore, we should proceed with caution.
  • To sum up, the choice is yours.
  • In the grand scheme of things, life is short.
  • So there you have it, a solution to the problem.
  • Consequently, our actions define us.
  • Nonetheless, the journey was unforgettable.
  • And that, my friends, is the essence of courage.
  • Ultimately, love conquers all.
  • Naturally, the project was a resounding success.
  • In retrospect, it was a blessing in disguise.
  • After all, isn’t that what life is all about?
  • All in all, it was a win-win situation.
  • In reality, change is inevitable.
  • Surprisingly, he turned out to be the hero.
  • Therefore, let us embrace the challenges.
  • Indeed, it was a night to remember.
  • Above all, never lose faith.
  • Incidentally, that was her best performance.
  • Truth be told, honesty pays.
  • Hence, we should be mindful of our actions.
  • Without a doubt, it was an epic adventure.
  • Admittedly, the task was daunting.
  • On the whole, it was a fruitful endeavor.
  • Even so, it was a remarkable achievement.
  • To put it simply, the impact was profound.
  • Nevertheless, she remained optimistic.
  • In essence, the legacy lives on.
  • Obviously, the outcome was favorable.
  • Fortunately, we found common ground.
  • To clarify, the objective was met.
  • For this reason, teamwork is essential.
  • So, take the leap of faith.
  • Yet, the memories linger.
  • Regrettably, opportunities were missed.
  • Granted, the situation was complex.
  • Specifically, the results were outstanding.
  • Given these points, we should reconsider.
  • And so, the legend was born.
  • Now, the focus shifts to the future.
  • As a matter of fact, timing is crucial.
  • In a nutshell, the benefits are numerous.
  • To conclude, the experience was enriching.
  • Conversely, the risks were minimal.
  • Then again, it’s never too late.
  • Likewise, he was a natural leader.
  • By and large, the campaign was effective.
  • Thus, the circle is complete.
  • Alas, the secret was revealed.
  • Actually, it was worth the effort.
  • In summary, don’t underestimate your potential.
  • To elaborate, preparation is key.
  • Largely, the initiative was welcomed.
  • Coincidentally, the timing was perfect.
  • Afterward, a sense of relief washed over me.
  • Ironically, the villain was the savior.
  • Evidently, the strategy worked.
  • Especially, the climax was unexpected.
  • Ordinarily, I wouldn’t consider it.
  • To reiterate, your voice matters.
  • Finally, we reached a consensus.
  • Importantly, don’t forget to be kind.
  • Surely, you can see the logic.
  • However, the final say is yours.
  • Generally speaking, the event was a hit.
  • Again, consistency is key.
  • As it turned out, the trip was worthwhile.
  • Notably, her courage stood out.
  • For instance, the impact was immediate.
  • On the contrary, the loss was a lesson.
  • Besides, you have nothing to lose.
  • Alternatively, consider the other options.
  • Unquestionably, this marks a new beginning.
  • Simultaneously, two worlds collided.
  • All things considered, it was a success.
  • Intrinsically, the value is immeasurable.
  • Chiefly, the focus is on quality.
  • Under those circumstances, it was the best choice.
  • And so, the mystery deepens.
  • Significantly, the goal was achieved.
  • Precisely, that is the point.
  • Occasionally, miracles do happen.
  • Analogously, the comparison holds.
  • Furthermore, seize the day.
  • Relatively, it was a minor issue.
  • Practically, it was a no-brainer.
  • Following this, we must adapt.
  • Oftentimes, simplicity is beauty.
  • Sensibly, precautions were taken.
  • Apart from this, focus on the positives.
  • Explicitly, the rules were stated.
  • Lastly, cherish the moments.
  • In finality, this is our mission.

Feel free to use these examples as a resource or inspiration for crafting your own clincher sentences that will leave a lasting impression on your readers.

Clincher Sentence Starter Examples

Clincher sentence starters serve as a dynamic tool to make your conclusions more impactful. These sentence beginnings set the stage for a memorable closing statement. They’re essential for essay writing, speeches, or any piece of content that aims for strong reader engagement. Below are 10 examples of distinct clincher sentence starters.

  • In the final analysis, we should…
  • All things considered, it’s evident that…
  • To sum up, the evidence clearly states…
  • Ultimately, this leads us to conclude that…
  • With this in mind, we can affirm that…
  • In conclusion, it’s imperative to note that…
  • As we’ve seen, it’s undeniable that…
  • To reiterate, let’s not forget that…
  • In essence, it all boils down to…
  • Lastly, let’s remember that…

Clincher Sentence Topic Examples

Clincher sentences are also versatile and can be tailored to suit various topics. Whether you’re covering technology, environment, education, or psychology, a strong clincher will amplify your message. Get your reader to sit up and take notice with these 10 topic-specific clincher sentence examples.

  • Given the climate crisis, sustainable living is non-negotiable.
  • Therefore, online education is the future of learning.
  • As demonstrated, mental health is just as important as physical health.
  • In the realm of politics, your vote can indeed make a difference.
  • When it comes to relationships, communication is key.
  • On the technology front, data privacy should be everyone’s concern.
  • Considering economics, investment in renewable energy is a must.
  • In matters of social justice, silence is complicity.
  • Relating to workplace dynamics, a good leader listens first and acts second.
  • In terms of personal growth, never stop learning.

Each of these examples is designed to offer a strong, definitive statement on its respective topic. Utilize them to create engaging and thought-provoking endings to your discussions.

What is a Clincher Statement?

A clincher statement is the final sentence or set of sentences in a paragraph, essay, report, or speech that reinforces the main idea and brings closure to the text. It serves to summarize the key points discussed and leaves the reader with something to ponder. A well-crafted clincher statement can effectively seal the message and make your writing memorable. Often, clincher statements can call the audience to action, provoke thought, or create a lasting impression.

What are Some Clincher Words?

Clincher words are specific terms or phrases commonly used to initiate clincher statements. These words signal to the reader that the text is drawing to a close, while emphasizing the essence of the discussion. Here are some clincher words commonly used:

  • In Summary : Used to encapsulate the main points.
  • Therefore : Implies a logical conclusion from the preceding information.
  • Hence : Similar to “therefore,” but often used to imply a more direct cause-and-effect relationship.
  • Finally : Indicates that the last and often most critical point is being made.
  • In Conclusion : Explicitly tells the reader that the end of the text has arrived.
  • Ultimately : Suggests the end result or final point in a chain of reasoning.
  • To Sum Up : Used to give a brief recap.
  • After all : Indicates a summary and emphasizes that all points have been considered.
  • All in All : Suggests a comprehensive summary has been provided.
  • Thus : Implies a wrapping-up of stated facts or observations.

What is a Clincher in a Speech Example?

In a speech, a clincher serves the same fundamental purpose as in written text—to sum up the message and leave a lasting impression. The difference lies in the oral delivery and the immediate audience engagement. Here’s an example of a clincher in a speech about climate change:

“Let’s not wait for the headlines to scream crisis; by then, it will be too late. As stewards of this Earth, it’s our collective responsibility to act now. The future of our planet depends on the choices we make today. Remember, we don’t have a Planet B.”

In this example, the speaker rounds off the discussion on climate change by emphasizing the urgency of the situation and calls the audience to action. The clincher also leaves the audience with something to ponder about—our shared responsibility for Earth’s future.

Clinchers are not mere summaries; they are your final shot at impressing your message upon your audience. A strong clincher will not only close your speech but also make it more impactful and memorable.

What are the Three Types of Clincher Sentences?

Clincher sentences can generally be categorized into three distinct types, each serving its own purpose:

  • Summary Clinchers : These clinchers restate the main points of your article or speech in a fresh way. They’re best suited for informational texts and serve to remind the audience of the essential aspects covered.
  • Call-to-Action Clinchers : These are designed to prompt an immediate reaction from the audience. They are often used in persuasive speeches or promotional materials, guiding the reader towards the next step, such as purchasing a product or engaging in social activism.
  • Thought-Provoking Clinchers : These types aim to make the audience ponder the subject even after they’ve finished reading or listening. Usually formulated as rhetorical questions, quotes, or future projections, they aim to continue the conversation in the minds of the audience.

What is the Purpose of a Clincher Sentence?

The purpose of a clincher sentence is multi-faceted. Firstly, it provides closure to your text or speech, rounding off the discussion neatly. Secondly, it amplifies the main idea, enhancing its impact and making it memorable. Lastly, depending on the type of clincher used, it can also drive action or provoke thought, thus extending the influence of your message beyond the immediate reading or listening experience.

How do you Write Clincher Sentences? – Step by Step Guide

  • Identify the Main Idea : Your clincher should reflect the core message of your text or speech. Make sure you know what that is before you start writing the clincher.
  • Select the Type : Decide whether you want your clincher to summarize, prompt action, or provoke thought.
  • Draft the Statement : Write a preliminary version. Aim for brevity but also for impact. Make every word count.
  • Review and Revise : Consider if the draft aligns with the main idea and whether it’s impactful. Edit for clarity, coherence, and concision.
  • Add a Clincher Word : Employ a clincher word or phrase as a signpost to indicate that this is the concluding statement.
  • Test for Effect : Read your clincher in the context of the entire text or speech to ensure it fits seamlessly and amplifies your core message.

Tips for Using Clincher Sentences

  • Be Consistent : Ensure that your clincher aligns with the overall tone and theme of your text or speech.
  • Avoid New Information : The clincher is not the place to introduce new points or arguments. Stick to what’s been covered.
  • Be Emotional : A touch of emotion can add a layer of relatability and make your clincher more memorable.
  • Use Repetition Wisely : A little repetition of key terms or phrases can make your clincher more impactful but use this technique sparingly.
  • Seek Feedback : Don’t hesitate to ask for opinions on your clincher. Sometimes, what seems clear to you may not be for others.
  • Practice Makes Perfect : The more you practice writing clinchers, the more naturally they will come to you. Each one is an opportunity to perfect your craft.

Clincher sentences are an essential tool for wrapping up your text or speech in a way that leaves a lasting impression. By understanding their types, purposes, and construction methods, you can significantly enhance the impact of your communication.


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How to Write a Clincher Sentence That’s Memorable

Clincher Sentences

Definition: A clincher sentence is a type of sentence used at the end of a final paragraph to reinforce your main idea and give your reader a sense of finality.

What Is a Clincher Sentence and Why Is It Needed?

A clincher sentence is a concluding sentence that reinforces your main idea to give your reader a sense of finality. However, it’s not a restatement of the exact words used to convey your main idea.

In fact, your clincher should be about a new and compelling spin that leaves a lasting impression on the reader, and helps improve the overall cohesion and flow of your writing.

Also, a clincher is as common in nonfiction as it is in fiction. From academic writing (where it’s typically contained in an expository paragraph) to a well written blog post (where it’s often followed with a call to action,) to writing essays.

Now, why is it needed?

A concluding paragraph without a clincher sentence will make your writing feel incomplete, rudderless, and perceived as amateurish.

Your reader will finish your piece and not remember what the point of your story was, making it forgettable.

So, let’s now look at what you need to know in order to write a memorable clincher.

How to Write a Clincher Sentence

how to write a clincher sentence

When it comes to writing a clincher, there are several principles that can help you craft effective and memorable endings.

For starters, in order to bring your writing to a conclusion that truly stands out, you need to be very clear yourself about what your central idea is.

You’d be surprised how many aspiring writers get lost in the writing process without stopping to consider if they’re actually carrying the main idea or key message through to a memorable conclusion.

Or perhaps, they’re pursuing multiple plot lines without picking one, which makes it virtually impossible to write a clincher.

When it comes to the writing itself, it’s important to be thoughtful and deliberate in your word choice, as well as being creative with the way you structure and format your clincher sentence.

For instance, you could use rhetorical techniques such as humor or irony to help make your last sentence more engaging for readers.

You might also consider including a thought-provoking quote at the end of your clincher sentence, which will leave your readers with something to think about.

With practice, you can become a master clincher writer!

Clincher Sentence Examples

Below, you’ll find some clincher examples to give you an idea about different ways a concluding sentence can be used to reel your reader in and leave them with a lasting impression.

You may find some examples to be thought-provoking, some reflective, and some humorous:

“In short, when one door closes, another one opens — just make sure it’s not a closet.”

“In the end, we only regret the chances we didn’t take.”

“Life is too short to waste time on things that don’t matter.”

“Take me as I am or watch me as I leave.”

“A moment of madness can sometimes lead to moments of brilliance.”

“You can’t control everything in life, but you can control your reaction to it.”

“In the midst of struggle and adversity, it can be easy to lose sight of your goals and dreams. But with commitment and determination, anything is possible.”

“As cliche as it may sound, nothing worth having ever comes easily. If you truly want to succeed in life, you have to be willing to work hard and persevere through any obstacles that come your way.”

Let now look at some tips from the pros.

Tips on How to Write a Clincher that’s Memorable

clincher sentence tips

Here are some tips to help you write clinchers that are both well-crafted and engaging:


  • Start by being clear about the topics or themes that you want to convey in your writing, so you have a good idea of the main points you’ll want to highlight
  • When brainstorming ideas for a clincher sentence, try to come up with several options — don’t be married to the first idea that comes to mind
  • Pay attention to the overall structure of your article, ensuring that all the key points are summarized effectively in the closing sentence
  • If you’re struggling to come up with a good clincher sentence, consider revisiting the key points you covered in your article and try to come up with a sentence that summarizes them effectively

Writing Mechanics

  • Pay attention to the formatting and structure of your sentence, making sure that it transitions smoothly into the next section of your article or paragraph
  • Practice writing clinchers regularly in order to refine your skills and develop a strong sense of rhythm and pacing
  • Take the time to revise and edit your final sentence until it’s perfect. Since it contains the parting thoughts of your writing, make sure to spend the extra time polishing it
  • Your clincher needs to be concise and easy to understand, so straight to the point without adding unnecessary fluff or filler words
  • Be deliberate and thoughtful in your word choice, choosing language and concepts that resonate with your target audience
  • Use figurative language or rhetorical techniques such as humor, irony, or suspense to make your clincher sentence more engaging for your readers

Finishing Touches

  • Make sure that your clincher is memorable and thought-provoking, leaving readers with a lasting impression of your writing
  • Proofread your clincher carefully, ensuring that it’s free of typos and grammatical errors

Final Thoughts on Clincher Sentences

Writing a well thought-out clincher sentence is an essential part of successful writing, so take your time to craft it well and make sure it resonates with your readers.

To set your expectations, a strong concluding sentence will take you a lot longer to come up with than the average sentence in a typical body paragraph. However, the extra effort will pay off big time with your audience.

Whether you’re looking to improve your clincher sentence writing skills or simply want to learn more about how they work, I hope the above tips and examples can help guide you along the way.

With practice and dedication, you’ll become a “master clincher” and leave a lasting impression on every piece you write!

Harry  Wallett  is the Founder and Managing Director of Relay Publishing. Combining his entrepreneurial background with a love of great stories,  Harry  founded Relay in 2013 as a fresh way to create books and for writers to earn a living from their work. Since then, Relay has sold 3+ million copies and worked with 100s of writers on bestselling titles such as  Defending Innocence ,  The Alveria Dragon Akademy Series  and  Rancher’s Family Christmas .

Harry oversees the creative direction of the company, and works to develop a supportive collaborative environment for the Relay team to thrive within in order to fulfill our mission to create unputdownable books.

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68 Structuring the Conclusion and Examples

Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, the student will be able to:

  • Recognize the functions of introductions and conclusions.
  • Identify the primary elements of a speech introduction.
  • Identify the primary elements of a speech conclusion.
  • Construct introductions and conclusions.

Structuring the Conclusion

Similar to the introduction, the conclusion has three specific elements that you will want to incorporate in order to make it as strong as possible. Given the nature of these elements and what they do, these should generally be incorporated into your conclusion in the order they are presented below.

Element 1: Signal the End

The first thing a good conclusion should do is to signal the end of a speech. You may be thinking that telling an audience that you’re about to stop speaking is a “no brainer,” but many speakers really don’t prepare their audience for the end. When a speaker just suddenly stops speaking, the audience is left confused and disappointed. Instead, you want to make sure that audiences are left knowledgeable and satisfied with your speech. In a way, it gives them time to begin mentally organizing and cataloging all the points you have made for further consideration later.

Generally, the easiest way to signal that it is the end of your speech is to begin your conclusion with the words, “In conclusion.” Similarly, “In summary” or “To conclude” work just as well. While these may seem very blunt ways of communicating the end of your speech to the audience, you want it to be extremely clear to everyone that you are wrapping things up. Certainly you can choose to employ more elegant, interesting, or creative language here, but you then run the risk of the audience not catching on to the fact that your speech is ending.

On the other hand, saying “In conclusion” (and definitely saying it more than once) can have an unintended negative effect. The audience may figure you are finished and turn you off, sort of like how we get up and leave during the credits in a movie. Therefore, you can also go straight to the summary, which is Element 2.

Element 2: Restate Main Points

In the introduction of a speech you delivered a preview of your main points; now in the conclusion you will deliver a review. One of the biggest differences between written and oral communication is the necessity of repetition in oral communication (the issue of “planned redundancy” again). When you preview your main points in the introduction, effectively discuss and make transitions to your main points during the body of the speech, and finally, review the main points in the conclusion, you increase the likelihood that the audience will understand and retain your main points after the speech is over. Remember, your English instructor can re-read your essays as many times as he or she wants, but your audience – and your instructor – only have one opportunity to catch and remember the points you are trying to get across in your speech.

Because you are trying to remind the audience of your main points, you want to be sure not to bring up any new material or ideas. For example, if you said, “There are several other issues related to this topic, such as…but I don’t have time for them,” that would make the audience confused and perhaps wonder why you did not address those in the body section. Or if you were giving a persuasive speech on wind energy and you ended with, “Wind energy is the energy of the future, but there are still a few problems with it, such as noise and killing lots of birds,” you are bringing up a counter-argument that should have been dealt with in the body of the speech.

This is a good place to remind you that the introduction, preview, transitions, and conclusion are for helping the audience be interested and prepared to listen, to retain, and to follow your speech. The conclusion is too late for that. The hard core facts and content are in the body. If you are tempted to cram lots of material into the conclusion, that is not the place for it, nor is it the place to provide the important steps to a solution.

As you progress as a public speaker, you will want to work on rephrasing your summary statement so that it does not sound like an exact repeat of the preview. For example, if your preview was:

The three arguments in favor of medical marijuana that I will present are that it would make necessary treatments available to all, it would cut down on the costs to law enforcement, and it would bring revenue to state budgets.

Your summary might be:

In the minutes we’ve had together, I have shown you that approving medical marijuana in our state will greatly help persons with a variety of chronic and severe conditions. Also, funds spent on law enforcement to find and convict legitimate marijuana users would go down as revenues from medical marijuana to the state budget would go up.

Element 3: Clincher

The third element of your conclusion is the clincher , or something memorable with which to conclude your speech. The clincher is sometimes referred to as a Concluding Device. These are the very last words you will say in your speech, so you need to make them count. This is the last thing your audience will hear, so you want to make it good. In a certain way, you might think of your speech as a nice dinner at a fancy restaurant: the introduction is the appetizer that gets everyone ready for the main course, the body section is the “meat and vegetables,” and the conclusion is like dessert. But have you ever had a nice meal that ended with a dessert that didn’t really taste good? Regardless of how good the rest of the meal was, you probably walked away thinking, It was okay, but I just remember not liking it at the end . A good clincher prevents your audience from thinking that way, and in fact can even make an audience remember a speech more favorably.

something memorable with which to conclude your speech

In many ways the clincher is like the inverse of the attention-getter. You want to start the speech off with something strong, and you want to end the speech with something strong. To that end, similar to what we discussed above with attention getters, there are a number of ways you can make your clincher strong and memorable.

Conclude with a Challenge

One way you can end your speech is with a challenge. A challenge is a call to engage in some kind of activity that requires a special effort. In a speech on the necessity of fund-raising, a speaker could conclude by challenging the audience to raise 10 percent more than their original projections. In a speech on eating more vegetables, you could challenge your audience to increase their current intake of vegetables by two portions daily. In both of these challenges, audience members are being asked to go out of their way to do something different that involves effort on their part.

In a challenge, try to make it aspirational but reasonable. The challenge should be something they can strive for but not see as something impossible. Two or three more servings a day of fruits and vegetables is reasonable, but six probably would be seen as too much.

In the same category as a challenge, probably the most common persuasive concluding device is the appeal for action or the call to action. In essence, the appeal for action occurs when a speaker asks her or his audience to engage in a specific behavior. When a speaker concludes by asking the audience “to do” something, the speaker wants to see an actual change. Whether the speaker appeals for people to eat more fruit, buy a car, vote for a candidate, oppose the death penalty, get more sleep, or sing more in the shower, the speaker is asking the audience to engage in action.

One specific type of appeal for action is the immediate call to action. Whereas some appeals ask for people to engage in behavior in the future, the immediate call to action asks people to engage in behavior right now. If a speaker wants to see a new traffic light placed at a dangerous intersection, he or she may conclude by asking all the audience members to sign a digital petition right then and there, using a computer the speaker has made available. For a speech on eating more vegetables, pass out raw veggies and dip at the conclusion of the speech; someone giving a speech on petitioning a lawmaker for a new law could provide audience members with a prewritten e-mail they can send to the lawmaker.

If you are giving a persuasive speech about a solution to a problem, you should not relegate the call to action to the very end of the speech. It should probably be a main point where you can deal with the steps and specifics of the solution in more detail. For example, perhaps a speaker has been discussing the problems associated with the disappearance of art education in the United States. The speaker could then propose a solution of creating more community-based art experiences for school children as a way to fill this gap. Although this can be an effective conclusion, a speaker must ask herself or himself whether the solution should be discussed in more depth as a stand-alone main point within the body of the speech so that audience concerns about the proposed solution may be addressed.

Conclude with a Quotation

Another way you can conclude a speech is by providing a quotation relevant to the speech topic. When using a quotation, you need to think about whether your goal is to end on a persuasive note or an informative note. Some quotations will have a clear call to action, while other quotations summarize or provoke thought. For example, let’s say you are delivering an informative speech about dissident writers in the former Soviet Union. You could end by citing this quotation from Alexander Solzhenitsyn: “A great writer is, so to speak, a second government in his country. And for that reason no regime has ever loved great writers.”

Notice that this quotation underscores the idea of writers as dissidents, but it doesn’t ask listeners to put forth effort to engage in any specific thought process or behavior. If, on the other hand, you were delivering a persuasive speech urging your audience to sponsor a child in a developing country for $40 per month, you might use this quotation by Forest Witcraft:

“A hundred years from now it will not matter what my bank account was, the sort of house I lived in, or the kind of car I drove. But the world may be different, because I was important in the life of a child.”

In this case, the quotation leaves the audience with the message that monetary sacrifices are worth taking, that they make our lives worthwhile, and that the right thing to do is to go ahead and make that sacrifice.

Conclude by Visualizing the Future

The purpose of a conclusion that refers to the future is to help your audience imagine the future you believe can occur. If you are giving a speech on the development of video games for learning, you could conclude by depicting the classroom of the future where video games are perceived as true learning tools. More often, speakers use visualization of the future to depict how society or how individual listeners’ lives would be different, if the speaker’s persuasive attempt worked. For example, if a speaker proposes that a solution to illiteracy is hiring more reading specialists in public schools, the speaker could ask her or his audience to imagine a world without illiteracy. In this use of visualization, the goal is to persuade the audience to adopt the speaker’s point of view. By showing that the speaker’s vision of the future is a positive one, the conclusion should help to persuade the audience to help create this future.

Conclude by Inspiration

By definition, the word inspire means to affect or arouse someone. Both affect and arouse have strong emotional connotations. The ultimate goal of an inspirational concluding device is similar to an “appeal for action” but the ultimate goal is more lofty or ambiguous; the goal is to stir someone’s emotions in a specific manner. This is done by sharing a story, poem, or quotation that appeals to the audience basic values and therefore appeals to emotions. Stories or allusions to “underdogs” who overcame obstacles to achieve something worthwhile or those who make sacrifices for the good of others can help inspire. You probably know of such stories (Olympic athletes and a well-known figure such as Captain Sullenberg are examples) that would be of value, as long as they are relevant to your topic and purpose. Poetry is sometimes used to inspire, but you want to use a short passage (eight lines or less) of poetry that is clear to the audience.

to affect or arouse someone’s emotions in a specific, positive manner

Conclude with a Question

Another way you can end a speech is to ask a rhetorical question that forces the audience to ponder an idea. Maybe you are giving a speech on the importance of the environment, so you end the speech by saying, “Think about your children’s future. What kind of world do you want them raised in? A world that is clean, vibrant, and beautiful—or one that is filled with smog, pollution, filth, and disease?” Notice that you aren’t actually asking the audience to verbally or nonverbally answer the question; the goal of this question is to force the audience into thinking about what kind of world they want for their children.

Refer Back to the Introduction

This method provides a good sense of closure to the speech and can be one of the most effective methods. If you started the speech with a startling statistic or fact, such as “Last year, according to the official website of the American Humane Society, four million pets were euthanized in shelters in the United States,” in the end you could say, “Remember that shocking number of four million euthanized pets? With your donation of time or money to the Northwest Georgia Rescue Shelter, you can help lower that number in our region.”

Conclude with an Anecdote or Personal Story

As with your attention getter, a brief story can be a strong way to conclude. However, it must be relevant and not go on too long. Combining this method and the previous one, you might finish telling a story that you started in the introduction as your clincher. This method is probably better with persuasive speeches where you want to end with a strong emotional appeal.

Conclude with a Reference to Audience or Audience Self-Interest

The last concluding device involves a direct reference to your audience. This concluding device is used when a speaker attempts to answer the basic audience question, “What’s in it for me?” (the WIIFM question). The goal of this concluding device is to spell out the direct benefits a behavior or thought change has for audience members. For example, a speaker talking about stress reduction techniques could conclude by clearly listing all the physical health benefits stress reduction offers (e.g., improved reflexes, improved immune system, improved hearing, reduction in blood pressure). In this case, the speaker is clearly spelling out why audience members should care about the topic and what’s in it for them.

Informative versus Persuasive Conclusions

As you read through the above possible ways to conclude a speech, hopefully you noticed that some of the methods are more appropriate for persuasive speeches and others are more appropriate for informative speeches. An appeal to action, for example, may not be appropriate for an informative speech since asking your audience to do something often borders on persuasion, which isn’t what an informative speech is intended to do. Similarly, if your persuasive speech is on the importance of voting in the next local election, an appeal to action clincher would probably be one of your stronger options.

8.5 – Examples of Conclusions

Here are two examples of conclusions. More examples can be found on the outlines at the ends of Chapters 12, 13, and 15.

Informative Speech Conclusion

Topic: Anxiety

Anxiety is a complex emotion that afflicts people of all ages and social backgrounds and is experienced uniquely by each individual. We have seen that there are multiple symptoms, causes, and remedies, all of which can often be related either directly or indirectly to cognitive behaviors. While most people do not enjoy anxiety, it seems to be part of the universal human experience, so realize that you are not alone, but also realize that you are not powerless against it. With that said, the following quote, attributed to an anonymous source, could not be more true, “Worry does not relieve tomorrow of its stress; it merely empties today of its strength.”

Persuasive Speech Conclusion

Topic: Adopting a Rescue Animal

I believe you should adopt a rescue animal because it helps stop forms of animal cruelty, you can add a healthy companion to your home, and it is a relatively simple process that can save a life. Each and every one of you should go to your nearest animal shelter, which may include the Catoosa Citizens for Animal Care, the Humane Society of NWGA in Dalton, the Murray County Humane Society, or the multiple other shelters in the area to bring a new animal companion into your life. I’ll leave you with a paraphrased quote from Deborah Jacobs’s article “Westminster Dog Show Junkie” on Forbes.com: “You may start out thinking that you are rescuing the animal, and ultimately find that the animal rescues you right back.”

Something to Think About

Read out loud one of the example introductions earlier in the chapter, and time your reading. If an introduction should not be longer than about 10%-15% of the total speech time, how long would the speech attached to this introduction be? (You’ll have to do the math!) If you had to give a shorter speech using this introduction, how would you edit it to make it for the time limit but still be an effective introduction?

Final Note: If you are wondering about the photo at the beginning of this chapter, it is of the headstone of poet Emily Dickinson in Amherst, Massachusetts. Her parting words, as shown on the marker, were “Called Back.” That was her “life” conclusion. One of the authors is a huge Emily Dickinson fan, took the photo on a trip to New England, and loves to include quotations from her poetry.

Exploring Communication in the Real World Copyright © 2020 by Chris Miller is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

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What Is a Clincher at the End of Your Essay?

Essays end with a clincher, a final sentence that may reinforce an overall argument or leave the reader with an intriguing thought, question or quotation. The idea is to "clinch" or seize the reader's attention until the very end, finishing a piece of writing in a way that feels complete. It should not be merely a summary or introduce topics or ideas not covered in the paper.

An effective clincher is memorable and smooth, addressing the needs of the reader at the end of the essay. For example, it is helpful for the reader to end an essay about a complex topic in a clear, straightforward way. It should not be a restatement of exact words. Readers will notice if an essay says the same thing twice; however, the clincher should flow out of the already-written word. An effective clincher might be a quotation, as long as the quote adds value to the discussion.

Effective clinchers refer to the introduction to create a complete thought. This is done by expanding upon an illustrative story or provocative example used as a hook. In persuasive speeches or writing, the clincher usually includes a "call to action," giving the listener a sense of what they are supposed to do with what they have heard, which loops back to the thesis from the introduction. A clincher could also warn against a possibility or suggest consequences of a problem introduced at the beginning. In any situation, using vivid imagery or language makes a clincher memorable.


Humor may be used as a clincher technique, but should be approached with caution and consideration of the topic. For example, satirizing a complex situation may make it easier for the audience to grasp, but a writer should avoid alienating readers by making light of serious issues. Additionally, though it is useful to introduce new material or ask a rhetorical question, too much new information could leave a reader with too many questions and a lack of closure.

Avoid drawing attention to the fact that the essay is ending. For example, do not write, "This is the end of my essay." Additionally, maintain authorial credibility and refrain from apologizing for a lack of knowledge about a subject. Finally, do not use the last sentence of an essay to make up for not fully developing main points. For example, the University of Richmond Writing Center encourages writers not to claim they will discuss four books in an essay, but instead discuss only two and summarize the other two in the clincher.

  • Austin Community College: Conclusion Techniques
  • University of Richmond Writing Center: Writing Effective Conclusions

Anna Tower has a B.A. in history and journalism from Washington & Lee University and a M.A.Ed. from the College of William and Mary. She has been writing since 2003 at various publications, including the "Rockbridge Report," the "Fairfax County Times" and "USA Today." Tower is certified to teach social studies, English and journalism in grades 6-12.

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A Simple Guide to Understanding the Clincher Sentence With Examples

As a part of academic writing, a clincher sentence plays an important role in resolving the claims and theories laid in the preceding paragraph. In this article, we will look at what a clincher sentence is, its purpose, and a few examples to help understand their use.

Understanding the Clincher Sentence with Examples

Quick Tip It is important to note that, although the clincher sentence is the last statement of a paragraph, it should not bring attention to the fact that the essay is at an end by directly stating so. This is because, the conclusion of the essay will usually have to maintain a tone of credibility, which can be damaged by an unprofessional clincher.

A clincher sentence can be defined as a statement, argument, fact, situation, or the like, that is decisive or conclusive. In academic writing, this is a statement in a expository paragraph which reiterates the topic and summarizes how the information in the paragraph supports the topic. Normally, each paragraph starts with a topic sentence which tells the reader about what the paragraph will discuss. This is followed by the body which gives evidence and arguments that support the topic statement. The final sentence of each of these paragraphs are clincher sentences. The statement should not simply be a summary, but it should make the reader feel that the writing is complete.

If you want to write an effective paragraph, a clincher sentence at the end is a must. It wraps up the topic, provides closure, and concludes the writing. Its purpose is also to give the writer a chance to leave a strong impression on the reader.

Role of a Clincher Sentence

A clincher sentence should smoothly end the essay, keeping the needs of the reader in mind. The sentence should not restate the exact words, but should end a complicated topic in way that is easy to understand. Rather than just being a plain summary, it has to add value to the paragraph.

How to Write a Clincher Sentence

For starters, try beginning the concluding sentence with words such as ‘ultimately’ or ‘in conclusion’. Immediately following these words, the clincher sentence does state the topic statement one more time in new words, and broadens out the stance, before ending the paragraph. It is important that you maintain a professional tone, and make your stand on the topic absolutely clear without a trace of ambiguity. The clincher should reinforce and summarize the topic that you have written about in the preceding paragraph.

Another alternative is to ask the reader a question, or insert a quote, which is most likely to get a positive response towards a hypothesis being presented by the topic, or one can use shocking facts, rhetorical questions, humor, or an appeal to the reader, if it is appropriate for the paragraph. Using plain facts and numbers could make the reader bored. So make sure that the clincher is strong and packs a punch.

Example 1 : Topic: Seattle is a beautiful place.

Body Paragraph : The city of Seattle has a large number of picturesque locations, with a wide variety of environment, which makes the city a great place for photography, and draws a large number of tourists each year. For the best pictures, visit Pu Pu Point, Snoqualmie Falls, Columbia Tower, Beacon Hill, Gasworks Park, Seattle Central Library, Pioneer Square, amongst many others.

Clincher Sentence : It is clear from the immense number of scenic locales that are on offer, that Seattle is a memorable place that one must visit.

Example 2 : Topic: Pets help in detecting disease.

Body Paragraph : Pets reduce loneliness, they’re loyal, comfort us in tough times, and keep us happy. However, some animals seemingly perform miracles by predicting health problems and keeping their owners from dangerous situations. In California, a woman named Nancy Best noticed that her dog kept sniffing and licking her right breast. On consultation, doctors diagnosed her with breast cancer. In another case, a woman named Megan Johnson, who had type 1 diabetes, was woken up from her sleep by her dog several times when her sugar levels were dangerously low.

Clincher Sentence : With their extremely accurate senses, pets can be quite helpful in finding and alerting a person of illnesses before it becomes too late. 

As can be seen, with their high-impact nature, clincher sentences are a great method to end an essay or thesis.

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how to write a conclusion clincher

If you are striving for an A+, a closing clincher can get you the grade.

I once wrote an essay so good that the professor asked to read it aloud to all of his related classes.  But he didn’t give me an A+ and not even an A.  Why? My final closing paragraph didn’t work well.  It rambled on and didn’t close with a clincher.

We all love recipes for success, so how about one for clinchers?

The only ingredients needed for this recipe are an imagination, computer, an opening hook, a thesis statement, and an essay in progress, preferably on the first or later full draft.

But first, we need to define a clincher.  The clincher is the final sentence in your paper.  It needs to be gripping, engaging, and provocative.  It also needs to relate directly to your thesis statement.

Here is a smorgasbord of clincher types with which to close your paper:

Predict the Future Outcome.

To create a final clincher that predicts the future, use words such as “as a result of [event], [such-and-such] has a higher probability of occurring,” “as a consequence of [action], [such-and-such] may be more likely to occur,” “with this in mind, the future may result in …”.

You can, if supported in your research, make a bolder statement, such as “Because of the [problem], [such-and-such] will inevitably lead to [greater problem].”

Challenge or Recommend an Action Based on Your Research Findings.

To end with a recommendation or challenge, use words such as “[so-and-so] could benefit by … .  As a result, the net gain would …,” “If [so-and-so] took the following action, they’d contribute to …,” or “[This benefit] would arise should [so-and-so] pursue the initiative of ….,” “[So-and-so] should [action] to help …”.

You could even say, “It would be recommended for [such-and-such action] to take place.  The benefits of this action would include …”.

When giving recommendations or challenges, should statements are invaluable.

Make a Moral Judgment About your Opening Hook.

If you open with a quote or startling fact—a hook—you could end with a moral judgment about that opener.  For instance, if your opening starts with a child cancer survivor’s quote on her recent diagnosis of a new cancer, and if your thesis explores cancer treatments globally, you might end with a clincher: “If simultaneous, multiple therapies were permitted in Western medicine, including the more obscure alternative therapy approaches globally, perhaps this child may not have suffered a second diagnosis.”

Suggest Additional Research that May Build on Your Findings or Explore an Area Missing in Your Research.

A sophisticated way to end a paper is to recommend additional research.  For this clincher, use words such as “To build on this research …,” “A future investigation of this topic could involve …,” or “To fill in a gap of this research, it is recommended to investigate….”

As an alternative, you could say, “A related topic that has not yet been studied using this model is …,” but you might want to wait for grad studies for this one, as you’ll learn more models and methods at that level of your studies.

You could also say, “A relevant and related topic that this theory could apply to is …” if you are writing a paper using, say, feminist theory or critical race theory, but the related topic should build on your thesis statement.

And those are your clinchers.  Bear in mind that your clincher needs to tie into your thesis statements.  If a clincher has nothing to do with your thesis statement, scrap the clincher and start anew.  A great opening hook, catchy clincher, and error-free essay can bolster a grade to mind-boggling status.

But how do you craft a solid thesis statement? That’s another page in the Cookbook.

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how to write a conclusion clincher

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Gordon-Conwell Writing Center

  • Understanding Writing Expectations
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  • Creating a Clear Thesis Statement
  • Developing Body Paragraphs
  • Connecting Ideas with Transitions
  • Choosing the Best Sources
  • Using Sources Effectively
  • Avoiding Plagiarism
  • Paraphrasing without Plagiarizing
  • Addressing Counterarguments

Ending with a Strong Conclusion

  • Using Words Wisely
  • Punctuating Correctly
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Just as we say good-bye to people when ending a conversation, so must a writer conclude his/her written text. A writer should imagine that readers have read the text but have not fully grasped all the ideas. Furthermore, the writer must assume that readers do not necessarily know how to respond to the topic. Therefore, it is a writer’s job to remind readers about his/her main claim and key ideas as well as call readers to action. Failing to do so might mean that readers are left with questions about a text and/or do not respond properly to it.

Summarized Explanation

  • Most multi-paragraph texts require a concluding paragraph. A basic concluding paragraph should include three main parts (restated thesis, summarized key ideas, clincher).


Detailed Explanation

The following examples are the same ones that appears in the writing guide for Writing a Strong Introduction . 

Color-coding key:

  • Restated Thesis
  • Summarized Key Ideas

Example #1           

          (Introduction)  Meeting someone for the first time without a proper introduction can be awkward. Likewise, a text without an introductory paragraph leaves a lot to be desired. The introduction is the first thing that readers see in a text. For that reason, it ought to engage and inform readers. To accomplish this, writers should begin texts with an introductory paragraph that includes an effective hook, background information, and thesis statement.

          (Body Paragraphs)

  • Why writers should include a hook in an introductory paragraph.
  • Why writers should include background information in an introductory paragraph.
  • Why writers should include a thesis statement in an introductory paragraph.

          (Concluding Paragraph) In conclusion, a thorough three-part introductory paragraph will ensure a strong start to any text. The first element of an introduction, the hook, works to intrigue readers. Then they will be ready to read more of the background information on a topic. And to top things off, the thesis statement indicates the purpose and focus of a text so that readers know what to expect. Therefore, the importance of an introductory paragraph should not be underestimated, and all writers should seek to create truly engaging introductions.

          (Introduction) They say that beauty is in the eye of the beholder. This adage is true, but not everything is relative. For example, in the world of writing, texts can take many forms, and writers have a lot of creative freedom. That said, there are some basic frameworks that should be employed for most writing forms—for example, the tried-and-true template for an introductory paragraph. Considering this, the previous introductory paragraph is quite effective because it includes a strong hook, background information, and thesis statement.

  • Why the previous introductory paragraph includes a strong hook.
  • Why the previous introductory paragraph includes strong background information.
  • Why the previous introductory paragraph includes a strong thesis statement.

          (Concluding Paragraphs) To sum up, the sample text is a great example of a strong introductory paragraph. As noted previously, its hook is creative and compels readers to keep going. Afterward, they are met with relevant background information followed by a thesis statement that effectively forecasts the writer's position and key ideas. All in all, this introductory paragraph should be saved and referenced frequently for any writer who wants to create successful introductions.

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So much is at stake in writing a conclusion. This is, after all, your last chance to persuade your readers to your point of view, to impress yourself upon them as a writer and thinker. And the impression you create in your conclusion will shape the impression that stays with your readers after they've finished the essay.

The end of an essay should therefore convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic, its larger meaning, its implications: the final paragraph should close the discussion without closing it off.

To establish a sense of closure, you might do one or more of the following:

  • Conclude by linking the last paragraph to the first, perhaps by reiterating a word or phrase you used at the beginning.
  • Conclude with a sentence composed mainly of one-syllable words. Simple language can help create an effect of understated drama.
  • Conclude with a sentence that's compound or parallel in structure; such sentences can establish a sense of balance or order that may feel just right at the end of a complex discussion.

To close the discussion without closing it off, you might do one or more of the following:

  • Conclude with a quotation from or reference to a primary or secondary source, one that amplifies your main point or puts it in a different perspective. A quotation from, say, the novel or poem you're writing about can add texture and specificity to your discussion; a critic or scholar can help confirm or complicate your final point. For example, you might conclude an essay on the idea of home in James Joyce's short story collection,  Dubliners , with information about Joyce's own complex feelings towards Dublin, his home. Or you might end with a biographer's statement about Joyce's attitude toward Dublin, which could illuminate his characters' responses to the city. Just be cautious, especially about using secondary material: make sure that you get the last word.
  • Conclude by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context. For example, you might end an essay on nineteenth-century muckraking journalism by linking it to a current news magazine program like  60 Minutes .
  • Conclude by redefining one of the key terms of your argument. For example, an essay on Marx's treatment of the conflict between wage labor and capital might begin with Marx's claim that the "capitalist economy is . . . a gigantic enterprise of dehumanization "; the essay might end by suggesting that Marxist analysis is itself dehumanizing because it construes everything in economic -- rather than moral or ethical-- terms.
  • Conclude by considering the implications of your argument (or analysis or discussion). What does your argument imply, or involve, or suggest? For example, an essay on the novel  Ambiguous Adventure , by the Senegalese writer Cheikh Hamidou Kane, might open with the idea that the protagonist's development suggests Kane's belief in the need to integrate Western materialism and Sufi spirituality in modern Senegal. The conclusion might make the new but related point that the novel on the whole suggests that such an integration is (or isn't) possible.

Finally, some advice on how not to end an essay:

  • Don't simply summarize your essay. A brief summary of your argument may be useful, especially if your essay is long--more than ten pages or so. But shorter essays tend not to require a restatement of your main ideas.
  • Avoid phrases like "in conclusion," "to conclude," "in summary," and "to sum up." These phrases can be useful--even welcome--in oral presentations. But readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the pages, when an essay is about to end. You'll irritate your audience if you belabor the obvious.
  • Resist the urge to apologize. If you've immersed yourself in your subject, you now know a good deal more about it than you can possibly include in a five- or ten- or 20-page essay. As a result, by the time you've finished writing, you may be having some doubts about what you've produced. (And if you haven't immersed yourself in your subject, you may be feeling even more doubtful about your essay as you approach the conclusion.) Repress those doubts. Don't undercut your authority by saying things like, "this is just one approach to the subject; there may be other, better approaches. . ."

Copyright 1998, Pat Bellanca, for the Writing Center at Harvard University

What is a Clincher in an Essay?

Arin bodden.

An effective clincher is an essential end to any essay.

In any essay, it is essential to both begin and end on a strong note so your audience understands the importance of your topic. A clincher in an essay is the literary or narrational device you use to cement your readers’ attention at the end of your essay and keep them hooked even after they're done reading; it is nearly always included in the conclusion.

Explore this article

  • How to End Strong

1 How to End Strong

There are many ways to create a solid clincher. If you are writing an argumentative essay, you can call for your readers to take certain actions to bring about change or recommend a solution; if your focus is a research paper, you can state the need for more research, recommend specific well-done research or identify that the current research is flawed or inconclusive. To clinch an explanatory or expository essay, consider pointing out the importance of the topic you discuss.

  • 1 Purdue OWL: Conclusions

About the Author

Based in the Pacific Northwest, Arin Bodden started writing professionally in 2003. Her writing has been featured in "Northwest Boulevard" and "Mermaids." She received the Huston Medal in English in 2005. Bodden has a Master of Arts in English from Eastern Washington University. She currently teaches English composition and technical writing at the university level.

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How to Write a Clincher Sentence That’ll Blow Your Readers Mind

The ability to write a powerful clincher sentence is essential for ALL types of writing (not just academic). It’s what separates mediocre writers from those who actually impact the lives of their readers.

But what exactly is a clincher sentence?

Well, it’s basically a closing sentence that sums up your main message with a BANG.

Most of what you read each day doesn’t make much of an impression on you. It doesn’t “stick”. You finish reading, move onto the next thing, and forget what you read 10 seconds later.

That’s because most of what you read doesn’t end with a clincher sentence.

A good clincher makes you think “Aww snap! Let me reflect on this for a sec.”  

Think of clincher sentences as a "Mic Drop Moment."

How to write a “mic drop” clincher sentence :.

There’s no one magic formula for writing a clincher sentence, but there are a handful of technique that tend to work well.

First let’s look at some of the 10 most effective techniques. Then we’ll move on to some examples.

The Quote - If you’re at a loss for words, try leaving the reader with a short inspirational quote that drives your message home.

The Twist - End with a takeaway the reader was not expecting.

The Takeaway - Close your message with a straightforward conclusion.

The Action - Psyche up your audience to take a specific action.

The Reflection Question - Sometimes the action is obvious. What the reader needs is motivation to act. A great way to do this is to end with a simple question that makes the reader reflect on their life (as it relates to your message).

The Takeaway + Action - A one-two punch combining the previous two techniques. Start by highlighting your key takeaway. Then finish her off by showing how it can be applied to the reader’s life.

The Analogy - Rehash your main points in your final paragraph. Then end it with an analogy that cements your message into their mind.

The Reminder - Remind the reader of something important regarding your message (e.g. a benefit, warning, tip, fact, argument, etc).

The Full-Circle - Repeat a key phrase (or emotional moment) used earlier in message. This might mean copying a memorable phrase word-for-word or simply referring back to a meaningful story you told earlier in the message.

The Golden Nugget - Leave the reader with a profound piece of wisdom that reinforces your message.

The Goosebump Giver - These types of clincher sentences are used a lot in movies and songs. Unlike the other techniques, goosebump givers don’t necessarily reinforce a takeaway or provoke action. Instead, they aim straight for the heart strings, creating a strong emotional reaction you won’t forget.  

Tips for writing a powerful clincher sentence :

  • Keep it short and simple
  • Don’t introduce new information
  • Imagine your audience’s emotions and mirror them
  • You want your audience to either strongly agree or fiercely disagree—lukewarm clinchers don’t get remembered
  • State you point with authority. Don’t be a wimp.
  • The more emotions you trigger, the better
  • The more thought-provoking, the better
  • The bigger the mic drop, the better

Clincher sentence examples (and other mic drop inspiration) :

Writing a clincher sentence from scratch can be tough.

So instead of inventing one out of thin air, let’s make life easier and take a shortcut.

Movies are one of the best sources for clincher sentence inspiration. By examining memorable movie quotes, we can dissect why a phrase was so memorable and then apply it to writing clincher sentences.

If you pay close attention, you’ll be surprised by how much clincher material is sprinkled throughout your favorite movies.

Sometimes it’ll be word-for-word, other times it’s simply a mic-drop-worthy idea.

Here are a few to get you started...  

The Takeaway (King Kong) :

the takeaway clincher

An impactful clincher that sums up what happened in the movie in one concise phrase.  

The Full Circle (Avengers Endgame) :

the full circle clincher avengers

For all you Avengers fans out there. This is the perfect example of the “Full Circle” strategy. The movie begins and ends with the same emotional phrase (while simultaneously tugging at the heartstrings).  

The Twist :

the twist clincher

Here’s a classic twist example. Just like in the movies, a key to writing an effective twist clincher is to sprinkle subtle clues throughout your writing.  

The Goosebump Giver (The Lion King) :


No explanation needed. *wipes away tear*  

The Quote (The Godfather) :

the quote clincher

Movies are full of popular quotes you can use as powerful clincher sentences. For example, this quote would be a perfect way to end an article on why small business owners should pay attention to what their competitors are doing.  

The Analogy (The Karate Kid) :

the analogy clincher

Here’s a clincher sentence example that isn’t actually used as a clincher in the movie itself. However, it’s so well known, that if you used it as an analogy to end your message, everyone would understand.

Movies aren’t the only place to find inspiration. Whenever you read a good blog post, pay close attention to how it ends. This is a great way to generate new clincher sentence ideas.

Here are some clincher sentence examples from blog posts.

There’s no need to overcomplicate clincher sentences. Remember, the main purpose is to make an impact on the reader so they continue thinking about your post. Sometimes simple trumps fancy.

For example, in this post on how to become a copywriter , Neville makes it painfully obvious what the reader should do.

Clever? No. Effective? Yes.


The Takeaway + Action

Here’s an example from my blog, Project Untethered. After writing a ginormous post that lists 100+ ways to make money while traveling , I didn’t just leave them hanging. No, I summed up my key takeaway and spurred them into action.

The Reminder

In this post about writing real estate listings , Neville uses a powerful Reminder clincher by simply turning it into a formula. This is an easy-peasy way to burn a message into the mind of your readers.

the reminder clincher kopywriting kourse

The Golden Nugget

A golden nugget doesn’t necessarily have to be some eloquent Buddhist mantra. It can anything that alters the reader’s perspective or “opens their mind”.

the golden nugget clincher kopywriting kourse

The Reflection Question

In this article on how to write faster , the call to action is crystal clear. But to make the conclusion even stronger, a simple clincher question was added.

Now, instead of just clicking over to the next article, the reader will take a second to reflect on how taking action could improve their life.

----- See how easy writing a clincher sentence can be?

Yes, you could spend hours writing your own clincher sentence from scratch.

But why make it more difficult than it needs to be?

With all the inspiration out there, there’s no need to reinvent the wheel.

You worked hard putting together a piece of killer content—your gift to the world. 

Don’t forget to wrap it up and stick on the bowtie.

Hope this helps! Sincerely, Mitch Glass


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Do your students need help finishing a paragraph? This post will not only show you how to teach CLOSING SENTENCES , it will also show you ways to help your students be creative with their closing sentences by writing CLINCHERS . It is part of a STEP-BY-STEP WRITING® series of mini-lessons for writer’s workshop designed to scaffold through the writing process. This lesson is for ending a paragraph, not a concluding sentence to an essay. That will come later in the writing mini-lesson series! If you haven’t covered topic sentences and relevant details, go back to TOPIC SENTENCES first!

MINI LESSON #7:  CLOSING SENTENCES is the third lesson for paragraph writing.

A closing sentence is the concluding sentence. Every paragraph needs an ending. It closes the door to the paragraph! It is the bottom bun of the burger!

  • It summarizes the main ideas or feeling of a paragraph.
  • It is not a relevant detail in the paragraph.
  • It restates the topic sentence.
  • Use a “clincher” to be creative with the closing sentence!  (question, humor, excitement, or a future thought)

how to write a conclusion clincher

Paragraph:   Fall is my favorite season. The weather is perfect for outside activities. I like going on hikes with my brother and fishing with my dad. I look forward to the smell of a fire and the taste of burnt marshmallows. I love fall weather!


Students should take notes and write examples of closing sentences. Use interactive notes in a notebook form or digital form. It will help students establish ownership and have an effective resource to guide them when writing paragraphs in the future.


This is a great opportunity for teaching or differentiating with CLINCHERS . Clinchers are closing sentences that are more creative.


Provide students with practice. Practice, Practice, Practice! Scaffold the practice. First, students identify closing sentences in paragraphs. Then students can write their own closing sentences or clinchers. This can be done by giving prompts and only writing the closing sentence or clincher for each prompt. It can also be used with the previous lessons, so students can build paragraphs from the topic sentence and relevant details that were already formed. When this lesson, they will have all the components of a paragraph for those prompts! Continue with the graphic organizers to keep the flow of the lessons. This is the bottom bun!

Task cards and self-check slides are a great way to give students extra practice in centers or at home.


Provide a prompt or have students brainstorm ideas for a paragraph. Students now have all the skills necessary to write an effective paragraph. After students write a paragraph , focus on the closing sentence.  OR give students a paragraph without the closing sentence and have them add it.

After everyone is finished, students can present their paragraphs in groups or whole group and other students can  point out the closing sentence . Discuss how they close the door to the paragraph and restate the main idea.


how to write a conclusion clincher

I hope this helps you and your students (or child) understand how to write a paragraph!!!!


how to write a conclusion clincher

Check out my FREE writing masterclass! CLICK HERE



how to write a conclusion clincher

This lesson is also included in the STEP-BY-STEP WRITING ® Programwith mini-lessons designed to scaffold through the writing process. Writing units included are sentence structure, paragraph writing, narrative writing, opinion writing, and informative writing. See what is included in the image below and click on it to learn more about them! You will turn your reluctant writers into ROCKSTAR WRITERS ™! 

how to write a conclusion clincher

Thank you for this comprehensive writing program.   I have always found it difficult to teach writing to my students.   My students all have specific learning disabilities and this has been a great resource for them and me.   The quality of writing coming from them this is year has increased from the previous year.   Thank you again!!  – Alison B.


how to write a conclusion clincher

Secret Garden Unit Revised!

Writing mini lesson #8- table of contents and progress grade for notebooks.

how to write a conclusion clincher


Understanding Topic-Clincher Sentences with Unit 4

  • Teacher 101

how to write a conclusion clincher

IEW teaches students to write with structure and with style. Style includes vocabulary. Structure is the elements found in compositions. Throughout the year, students progress through nine structural units.

After building a strong foundation with Units 1 and 2 and retelling narrative stories by using the Story Sequence Chart with Unit 3 , students advance to Unit 4. In this unit students write reports by summarizing a reference. When students write a short report, most often they turn to an encyclopedia, internet article, or a textbook for information. These sources typically have much more information than students need. Mr. Pudewa teaches students to “SOME-a-rize,” meaning students will include some facts from the source text but not every fact.

Instead of writing key words from every sentence, students form the KWO by taking key words from interesting and important facts found in a source text. Instructors and students start with a short source text included in all the theme-based writing lessons and video courses . Every Unit 4 writing assignment begins with a subject. The subject is the thing that is researched—the thing the assignment is about. A subject of a paper may be a person, place, event, animal, or issue. Each paragraph within the assignment is about a specific topic. The topic is the division of the thing that is researched—a thing within the subject.

If the subject (assignment) is farm, the possible topics (paragraphs) may be animals, garden, barn, layout, location, etc. If the subject is dogs (assignment), the possible topics (paragraphs) may be characteristics, senses, behavior, lifespan, breeds, play, domestication, etc. If the subject is Benjamin Franklin (assignment), the possible topics (paragraphs) may be childhood, family, inventions, almanac, Revolutionary War, etc.

When students are writing a report, facts must be organized into paragraphs. Initially younger students will be assigned one topic, which means they will write only one paragraph. As students grow in their writing abilities, they will write several paragraphs about multiple topics related to a single subject. Each paragraph will begin with a topic sentence, contain facts, and end with a clincher sentence.

Topic Sentence

The topic sentence tells what the paragraph is about. Key words are placed on the topic line. For a one-paragraph report, students write the topic word and one more word related to the topic. If the paragraph is about the usefulness of a hammer, the key words on the topic line may be hammer, useful . Every fact on the outline and every sentence in the paragraph then supports or proves the topic: how a hammer is useful.

When writing multi-paragraph compositions, follow the topic line pattern: subject, topic , one more word about the topic . If the assignment is about a horse, the key words on the topic line of the KWO for the first paragraph may be horse, care, imperative . Every fact on the outline and every sentence in the paragraph then supports or proves the topic: the care of a horse is imperative. The key words on the topic line of the KWO for the second paragraph may be horse, training, consistent . Every fact on the outline and sentence in the paragraph then supports or proves the topic: the training of a horse must be consistent. The three key words on the topic line determine the facts that students search for during the research process.

Facts are written on the other lines of the KWO. Instructors begin by reading the source text with the students and discussing the subject and topics. Encourage students to find interesting or important facts related to the topic. Students transfer those words to the KWO. The rules for writing the KWO remain: write 2-3 key words on each line and use symbols, numbers, and abbreviations when applicable.

Clincher Sentence

The clincher sentence reminds the reader what the paragraph is about. For this reason, it is the last sentence of the paragraph. The KWO ends with the word clincher . Students do not place key words on the clincher line. Instead, when they write their rough drafts, they repeat (same word) or reflect (synonym of the word) two or three key words from the topic line.

how to write a conclusion clincher

After students write their KWO, they should test it. To test a KWO, students put the source text away and use only their notes. If a note is unclear, students should check the source text and fix the KWO. After testing the KWO, students are ready to write a paragraph.

This sample paragraph is from Discoveries in Writing .

how to write a conclusion clincher

Provide plenty of practice for your students to master writing a strong, cohesive paragraph. Mastering the topic-clincher rule and ensuring that every sentence in the paragraph supports and illustrates the topic are foundational skills that students will use for the rest of their academic courses throughout high school, college, and beyond. If students can write one solid paragraph, they will be able to build paragraph upon paragraph into reports and essays of any length.

by Sabrina Cardinale

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  1. How to Write a Clincher Sentence (With 7 Examples)

    A clincher sentence is a concluding sentence reinforcing your key message. You'll find clinchers as the last sentence of a well-written blog post, essay, or book chapter; or at the end of a section in a blog post—before a subhead introduces the next section. A clincher sentence is a soundbite, communicating a nugget of wisdom.

  2. How to Write a Conclusion: Full Writing Guide with Examples

    These three key elements make up a perfect essay conclusion. Now, to give you an even better idea of how to create a perfect conclusion, let us give you a sample conclusion paragraph outline with examples from an argumentative essay on the topic of "Every Child Should Own a Pet: Sentence 1: Starter.

  3. What Is a Clincher Sentence and How To Write One (Definition & Examples)

    The Clincher-Clincher. A clincher sentence helps summarize a text while re-establishing all the essential ideas. It contains the primary keywords, arguments, and examples of the writing. Try not to introduce new ideas, points in the clincher sentence. To sum up, a clincher sentence is a comprehensive summary of your text.

  4. Clincher Sentence

    Don't underestimate the power of a well-placed clincher sentence to elevate your writing. To help you become a clincher sentence connoisseur, here are 100 unique and thought-provoking examples you can use as inspiration. In conclusion, perseverance is the key to success. When all is said and done, family matters most.

  5. How to Write a Clincher Sentence (With 7 Examples)

    Write a clincher sentence. Eh … what is a clincher sets? A clincher records is adenine concluding sentence reinforcing to key message. You'll finds clinchers as the last move of a well-written blog post, essay, either book chapter; otherwise under that end of a section within one blog post—before a subhead introducing which next fachgebiet.

  6. How to Write a Clincher Sentence That's Memorable

    Writing Mechanics. Pay attention to the formatting and structure of your sentence, making sure that it transitions smoothly into the next section of your article or paragraph. Practice writing clinchers regularly in order to refine your skills and develop a strong sense of rhythm and pacing. Take the time to revise and edit your final sentence ...

  7. Structuring the Conclusion and Examples

    Element 3: Clincher. The third element of your conclusion is the clincher, or something memorable with which to conclude your speech. The clincher is sometimes referred to as a Concluding Device. These are the very last words you will say in your speech, so you need to make them count. This is the last thing your audience will hear, so you want ...

  8. How to Write a Clincher Sentence (With 7 Examples)

    Learn what a clincher sentence is and how until write single, including fiction or non-fiction examples. Once you knows about clincher songs, it's actually interesting to repay attention to your and see which writers use them well real who don't. Writing the so much entertaining because there's always more at learn.

  9. What Is a Clincher at the End of Your Essay?

    Essays end with a clincher, a final sentence that may reinforce an overall argument or leave the reader with an intriguing thought, question or quotation. The idea is to "clinch" or seize the reader's attention until the very end, finishing a piece of writing in a way that feels complete. It should not be merely a summary or introduce topics or ...

  10. A Simple Guide to Understanding the Clincher Sentence With ...

    How to Write a Clincher Sentence. For starters, try beginning the concluding sentence with words such as 'ultimately' or 'in conclusion'. Immediately following these words, the clincher sentence does state the topic statement one more time in new words, and broadens out the stance, before ending the paragraph.

  11. Conclusion vs Clincher: Differences And Uses For Each One

    Mistake #1: Using "Conclusion" And "Clincher" As Synonyms. While both terms are used to wrap up a piece of writing, they have different meanings. A conclusion is the final part of an argument or discussion, while a clincher is a statement that reinforces the main point or leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

  12. What Is a Clincher at the End of Your Essay?

    A clincher at your essay's end is the final statement, summation or impression you give the reader. It's a last chance to make your point again, add a quote or question or brief idea that enhances your essay, or reword your thesis to give a finished feel. ... 1 Purdue University: OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab: Conclusions ; 2 University of ...

  13. The Study Dude—Closing Clinchers for Essays

    The only ingredients needed for this recipe are an imagination, computer, an opening hook, a thesis statement, and an essay in progress, preferably on the first or later full draft. But first, we need to define a clincher. The clincher is the final sentence in your paper. It needs to be gripping, engaging, and provocative.

  14. Ending with a Strong Conclusion

    Ending with a clincher reminds readers of the importance of the writer's topic; it emphasizes the significance of the information that has been presented. And a writer must indicate what readers should do with the information. For example, a clincher might lead readers to consider acting on the topic in some way (in a subtle or obvious way).

  15. Ending the Essay: Conclusions

    Finally, some advice on how not to end an essay: Don't simply summarize your essay. A brief summary of your argument may be useful, especially if your essay is long--more than ten pages or so. But shorter essays tend not to require a restatement of your main ideas. Avoid phrases like "in conclusion," "to conclude," "in summary," and "to sum up ...

  16. What is a Clincher in an Essay?

    In any essay, it is essential to both begin and end on a strong note so your audience understands the importance of your topic. A clincher in an essay is the literary or narrational device you use to cement your readers' attention at the end of your essay and keep them hooked even after they're done ...

  17. How to Write a Clincher Sentence

    Tips for writing a powerful clincher sentence : Keep it short and simple. Don't introduce new information. Imagine your audience's emotions and mirror them. You want your audience to either strongly agree or fiercely disagree—lukewarm clinchers don't get remembered. State you point with authority.


    MINI LESSON #7: CLOSING SENTENCES is the third lesson for paragraph writing. 1. TEACH. A closing sentence is the concluding sentence. Every paragraph needs an ending. It closes the door to the paragraph! It is the bottom bun of the burger! It summarizes the main ideas or feeling of a paragraph. It is not a relevant detail in the paragraph.

  19. How to Conclude an Essay

    Step 1: Return to your thesis. To begin your conclusion, signal that the essay is coming to an end by returning to your overall argument. Don't just repeat your thesis statement—instead, try to rephrase your argument in a way that shows how it has been developed since the introduction.. Example: Returning to the thesis Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind ...

  20. Understanding Topic-Clincher Sentences with Unit 4

    The rules for writing the KWO remain: write 2-3 key words on each line and use symbols, numbers, and abbreviations when applicable. Clincher Sentence. The clincher sentence reminds the reader what the paragraph is about. For this reason, it is the last sentence of the paragraph. The KWO ends with the word clincher. Students do not place key ...

  21. What Is a Clincher Sentence and How To Write One (Definition & Examples)

    The closing sentence should include the answer up the objective you were writing towards. Method to Finds a Clincher Sentence in one Text. You can usually find clinchers in who last sentence. However, your can use a clincher in which paragraphs necessary to restate your ideas previously beginning a new topic. The Clincher Quiz (a) ONE good ...

  22. Free AI Conclusion Generator

    Ahrefs' Conclusion Generator uses a language model that learns patterns, grammar, and vocabulary from large amounts of text data - then uses that knowledge to generate human-like text based on a given prompt or input. The generated text combines both the model's learned information and its understanding of the input.