A Citation Analysis of Business Ethics Research: A Global Perspective

  • Published: 07 January 2015
  • Volume 136 , pages 557–573, ( 2016 )

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  • Kam C. Chan 1 ,
  • Anna Fung 2 ,
  • Hung-Gay Fung 3 &
  • Jot Yau 4  

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This study provides a global perspective on citations of articles published in ten business ethics journals between 1999 and 2012 and establishes three findings. First, the results indicate that Journal of Business Ethics and Business and Society are the two top business ethics journals based on the distribution of normalized citations received. Second, although North America, particularly the US, remains the top producer of business ethics research, it has been surpassed by Europe in terms of weighted normalized research citations received in 2012, implying a potential diminishing global role of US influence in business ethics research over time. Third, the top-ranked US institutions have reduced their business ethics research impact in recent years, while the European institutions have sharply increased theirs.

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We gratefully acknowledge this suggestion made by a reviewer.

Hirsch ( 2005 ) proposes the h-index, which measures the impact of a journal that has at least h citations from its h number of articles in a given year. Harzing and van der Wal ( 2008 ) suggest the h-index is a more accurate citation impact measure than the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) journal impact factor. Egghe ( 2006 ) suggests the g-index as a modification of the h-index to consider both the over-cited works and overall citation consistency. Specifically, the g-index is derived from all articles of a journal which are “ranked in decreasing order of the number of citations that they received: the g-index is the (unique) largest number such that the top g articles received (together) a total at least g 2 citations” [Egghe ( 2006 ), p. 131]. Sidiropoulos et al. ( 2007 ) propose the hc-index to account for the age of articles that appear in a journal. It places more weight on recently published articles. H-index, g-index, and hc-index approaches examine research quality at the journal level.

The Journal of Accounting, Ethics, and Public Policy included in Serenko and Bonis ( 2009 ) ceased publication and the Business and Professional Ethics Journal is not included in this study.

We argue that the coercive citation practice among business ethics journals should not be a problem. Unlike other disciplines with a large number of journals, business ethics has only a small number of journals in which citations tend to concentrate within a few journals. Naturally, authors cite these few business ethics journals more frequently. Editors do not need to specifically require submitting authors to cite their journals as a prerequisite for publication acceptance.

The results using citations that exclude journal self-citations (EJNCs) are not reported here but are available upon request.

We thank a reviewer for pointing out that no business ethics journal appears in the University of Texas-Dallas 24 journals ranking list. Both lists are the important source of information for remuneration, tenure, and promotion at some schools.

Weighted number of articles (WA) is the count of total number of articles using the number of authors as the weights. For instance, Authors A and B publish an article together. Author A is affiliated with Institutions X and Y, while Author B is affiliated with Institution Z. Then, Institutions X, Y, and Z are credited with 0.25, 0.25, and 0.5 WA, respectively.

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Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the helpful comments from two anonymous reviewers. The usual caveats apply.

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Department of Finance, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY, 42101, USA

Kam C. Chan

Department of Management and Organization Behavior, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA

College of Business Administration, University of Missouri-St. Louis, One University Blvd, St. Louis, MO, 63121, USA

Hung-Gay Fung

Albers School of Business and Economics, Seattle University, 901 12th Avenue, Seattle, WA, 98122-1090, USA

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Chan, K.C., Fung, A., Fung, HG. et al. A Citation Analysis of Business Ethics Research: A Global Perspective. J Bus Ethics 136 , 557–573 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-014-2533-9

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Received : 24 August 2014

Accepted : 29 December 2014

Published : 07 January 2015

Issue Date : July 2016

DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-014-2533-9

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Business Ethics in Bangladesh (Bachelor Thesis)

Profile image of George Friedrich

2015, Business Ethics in Bangladesh

Business and ethics are uncontroversial notions while however its integration as “business ethics” is then again a widely controversial notion. Is “the organized effort (…) to produce and sell, for a profit, the goods and services that satisfy society’s needs” (Pride, et al. 2014) contradictory to what is right and what is wrong – a “collective illusion”, where individuals think it is something it really is not (Ruse 1986: 257)? The prevalence of scandals, fraud, and various forms of executive misconduct in corporations has spurred the watchful eye of the public (Kuratko 2009: 87). Moreover, Multinational corporations (MNCs) are considered suspect in developing countries (LDCs) by their own populations and by others, especially in those countries perceived as corrupt (Demuijnck and Ngnodjom 2011: 253). Although scholarship has examined multinational corporations (MNCs) economic and human rights impact on less developed countries (LDCs), to the best knowledge of the author, no conceptualized framework summarizing the relationship between business ethics, corporate social responsibility (CSR) and multinational corporations (MNCs) economic and human rights impact on less developed countries (LDCs), human rights and human rights protection has been provided. The objective of this dissertation is thus to provide a systematic report on the literature concerned with business ethics, corporate social responsibility (CSR), multinational corporations (MNCs) economic and human rights impact on less developed countries (LDCs), human rights as well as human rights protection on the example of business ethics in Bangladesh, including an in-depth interview with an international student from Bangladesh. Based on a comparative country analysis, the author found that poverty rates of Bangladesh, with regard to its vast international attention, exceed the majority of those of Sub Saharan African countries. In this argument, the author concludes that business ethics in Bangladesh is nonexistent as multinational corporations (MNCs), whose presence is indisputable in Bangladesh, do more economic and political harm and perpetuate poverty.

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